Karen George May 23, 2003 Algebra II Period 1 Algebra History Project 1. Picture A is Napier! s bones and it was used for multiplication. Picture B is an Abacus and was a manual four function calculator. Picture C is a Vernier caliper and was used for measuring small objects. Picture D are dice and they are used for random-number generation. Picture E is a slide rule and was used for scientific computation.

Picture F is a compass and is used for drawing arcs. Picture G is a quipu and is used for early Peruvian computation. Picture H is a pantograph and is used for drawing similar figures. 3.

! C to 35 places is ludolphine number. 4. Googolplex 5. Lord Byron 6. Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer 7. Fractal 9.

Infinity 13. Georg Cantor invented aleph null. It is the first infinite cardinal and denotes the cardinality of the natural numbers, or any countably infinite set, and aleph one would be the next cardinal number standing for the next size in infinity. 16. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson also known as Lewis Carrol 17.

George Poly a 18. Ten 22. A. Rene Descartes- Coordinate Systems- France B. Euclid- Plane Geometry- Greece C.

Simon Steven- Calculus- Netherlands D. Karl Friedrich Gauss- Complex Numbers- Germany E. Georg Cantor- Transfinite Numbers- Germany F. Nikolai Lobachevsky- Non Euclidean Geometry- Russia G. Charlotte Angus Scott- Creditor, American Journal of Mathematics- England H. Bertrand Russel- logic- England I.

Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz- Decimals- England and Germany J. Al- Khwarizmi- Algebra- Iraq K. Benjamin Banneker- Almanac writer- United States L. David Hilbert- Twenty three problems- Germany M. John von Neumann- Game Theory- Hungary The Chinese invented Pascal! s Triangle in the tenth century. The Indiana legislature tried to legislate the value of pie at 3.

2 in 1897. Absolute Value comes from the term absolute which means free from restriction or condition. It was first used by Karl Weierstrass in reference to complex numbers. Galileo.