1984 Essay After reading Orwell's 1984 and examining Stalin's rule over Soviet Russia it is safe to say that the two are very similar. Many features of Big Brother and Oceania mimic those of Stalin and the USSR. As well, the ability to change the truth and rewrite the past was abused for both regimes. Also, the Party and it's enemies are actual representations of real people who were against Stalin and the USSR.
Finally, Big Brother and Stalin did have some differences though very few. By discussing these points, a comparison of the totalitarian leaders Big Brother and Stalin can be made. Many features of Orwell's imaginary superstate Oceania are from Soviet reality: the Komsomol (Young Communists) appear as the "Anti-Sex League", the young informers of the Pioneers turn up as the "Spies", Soviet Five-Year Plans shrink into Oceania Three-Year Plans, and easily available vodka into Victory Gin. Like Stalin's USSR, Oceania has its renegades and backsliders who are arrested at night, questioned by interrogators for counterrevolutionary activities and then either sent to the 'salt mines' or 'vaporized'. As in Russia, the 'comrades' of Oceania are given news bulletins consisting almost entirely of lists of industrial production figures, most of which are announced as 'over fulfilled' and none of which are really true.
As well, there are constant power cuts and shortages, all essentials being obtained through the underground 'free market'. Winston's job of alteration in the Ministry of Truth consists of books and periodicals that are rewritten and photographs changed to reflect the 'correct' or the latest view of past events was similar to events that happened in the USSR. One of Stalin's corrections of the past was the Soviet-Nazi pact of 1939, this is very similar to the alliance of Oceania with its arch-enemy Eurasia against its former ally Eastasia. 'Oceania was at war with Eastasia: Oceania had always been at war with Eastasia.' Big Brother, the all-seeing leader who murders his rivals, declares 'a new, happy life' and, from posters and, rules over people conditioned by terror to love him, is of course Stalin himself. As well, Oceania's evil figure Emmanuel Goldstein, the counter-revolutionary author of 'the book', and who the Party wages an endless struggle with was much like how Trotsky was portrayed to the Soviet people. Stalin's NKVD jailed millions for the imaginary crime of 'Trotskyism' just as Big Brother's Thought Police repressed the followers of Goldstein.
'Always there were fresh dupes waiting to be seduced by him. A day never passed when spies and saboteurs acting under his directions were not unmasked by the Thought Police. He was the commander of a vast shadowy army, an underground network of conspirators dedicated to the overthrow of the State." Oceania's purges were quite real copying the events in Stalin's Russia with great accuracy. The last of Big Brother's rivals to survive are the Inner-Party members Jones, Aa ranson, and Rutherford. Those three probably stand for Kamen ev, Zinoviev, and Radek, to whom the events described by Orwell most closely apply. 'As so often happened, they had vanished for a year or more, so that one did not know whether they were alive or dead, and then had suddenly been brought forth to incriminate themselves in the usual way...
After confessing to these things they had been pardoned, reinstated in the Party, and given posts which were in fact sinecures but which sounded important. All three had written long, abject articles in The Times, analyzing the reasons for their defection and promising to make amends... A little later all three were rearrested. It appeared that they had engaged in fresh conspiracies from the very moment of their release. At their second trial they confessed to all their old crimes over again, with a whole string of new ones.' There were only two key differences between Oceania and the USSR. The only thing in Oceania unknown under Stalin was the; the only feature of the USSR left out of Oceania is "compulsory collectivism", instead of living in a communal apartment with many people, Winston Smith lived alone in his own flat.
After comparing and contrasting Big Brother and Oceania with Stalin and the USSR, one can come to the conclusion that these two leaders and their ways of government are very similar. This evident through the many events that happen within the countries, the way the truth and history was corrupted and the elimination of the two parties' enemies. And so, it is safe to say that fact or fiction these two examples of totalitarian societies are the same.