When a person is arrested they must be informed of their legal rights in a language they understand. An arrested persone is provided with legal aid if they cannot afford an attorney. All prisoners have the right to be protected and treated with respect and dignity. Chapter 5 of the Correctional Services Act (1998) outlines the rights un sentenced prisoners have. For further information regarding this given details, books can be acquired in most libraries or on internet search engines by using the key words: South Africa, prisoners rights, legal rights, legal Aid, democracy in SA. Also see: Correctional Services, attorneys appointed to criminal awaiting trial.

The toul min model is a way of analysing reasoning. Six elements are necessary in this model: The claim / conclusion : This is the assertion to be proven, for example, "smoking is bad for your health." The grounds / data : This is evidence or reasoning to support the claim. For example: "Research done throughout the world." The warrant is a verbal explanation of reasoning. It forms the relationship between te claim and the grounds. for example, the persuader delivering information to an audience. Backing is the additional evidence which supports the warrant for example, "further proof, ie: calculated deaths related to smoking." Finally, the qualifier is the extent of the probability of the claim, for example, how valid or true it is.

Claims can be split into various categories, namely definitive claims, evaluative claims, and furthermore warrants can be split into two divisions... substantive warrants and authoritative warrants. The rebuttal is circumstances under which the claim will not follow the grounds. for example, using the word "unless" to start a sentence such as 'unless you are not nicotine dependent, you wil get addicted to smoking'.