A counter plan is when the negative team offers a new plan opposed to the affirmative team's plan. This plan is supposed to solve the problem better then the plan of the affirmative team. A counter plan can either be topical or non-topical. Judges usually only accept a non-topical counter plan. A counter plan must have a plan, mandates, funding, and enforcement. Four elements of a counter plan is that they should be non-topical, on balance, alternative, and the harm or disadvantage should not apply to the counter plan.

It must be competitive and compete directly with the affirmative solution. It must be mutually exclusive, which means both plans cannot exist. It must have net benefits. It should have philosophical consistency, which means it cannot be redundant. There are six different types of generic counter plans.

The first is a conditional counter plan. This counter plan says, if you like it, accept it, if you don't, get rid of it. The second is a total counter plan. In this plan the negative team accepts what the affirmative team is saying, so introduces a better plan that solves the problem better.

The third is a partial counter plan. In this plan the negative team chooses to accept one part of the affirmative proposition. The fourth counter plan is the counter prepositional counter plan. This plan offers a change to the resolve. The fifth is a operational definition counter plan. This plan defines the terms in a different way then the affirmative team does.

The sixth and final counter plan is multiple counter plans. This plan runs more then one counter plan. A counter plan's main purpose is to negate the solvency of the affirmative team. It creates a policy choice for the judge. There are many types of counter plans that can be run. The counter plan gives a good solution why the affirmative team must be rejected or dropped..