What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? Attention Deficit Disorder is defined as a disorder in individuals who have difficulty maintaining an attention span because of their limited ability to concentrate and who exhibit impulsive actions. There are three sub-categories of attention deficit disorder: a) Attention deficit - Have difficulty focusing consistently. b) Hyperactivity - Are generally very over active and cannot stay still for long c) Impulsive - Frequently act without thinking and cannot make sound judgment. EATING DISORDERS What are eating disorders? Eating disorders are real illnesses that affect how we eat and how we feel about food. People who have eating disorders have unhealthy ways, or patterns, of eating. They may eat too much and become overweight, or way too little and become very thin.

Types of eating disorder a) Anorexia nervosa - this is a condition whereby someone eats so little, or nothing at all they actually begin to starve b) Bulimia nervosa - A person can also eat an extreme amount of food all at once and then do things like vomit to rid the body of food c) Binge eating disorder - this is a condition whereby a person may not be able to control the need to overeat, often keeping it a secret. How can you tell if someone has an eating disorder? Because many people with eating disorders keep them a secret, their conditions can go unnoticed for long periods of time, even years. With anorexia, signs such as extreme weight loss are easier to see. But, bulimics who can stay at their normal body weight may be better able to hide their illness. Family members and friends may notice some of the warning signs of an eating disorder. A person with anorexia may: a) Eat only "safe" foods, low in calories and fat.

b) Have odd rituals, such as cutting food into small pieces or measuring food. c) Spend more time playing with food than eating it. d) Cook meals for others without eating. e) Exercise to excess.

f) Dress in layers to hide weight loss. g) Spend less time with family and friends. h) Become withdrawn and secretive. A person with bulimia may: a) Become very secretive about food.

b) Spend a lot of time thinking about and planning the next eating binge. c) Keep making trips to the bathroom after eating. d) Steal food or hoard it in strange places. e) Eat to excess. A person with binge-eating disorder may: a) Become very secretive about food.

b) Spend a lot of time thinking about and planning the next eating binge. c) Start eating alone most of the time. d) Steal food or hoard it in strange places. e) Eat to excess. f) Become overweight. g) Become withdrawn, not wanting to go out or see family and friends.

How do I help someone with an Eating Disorders? a) Let the person know you care and you are there to give support. Reach out to the person, instead of focusing on the eating behavior. b) Don't nag about eating or not eating, or spend your time talking about food or weight-related issues. c) Encourage the person to seek professional help. Be prepared that your suggestion may be initially met with denial and hostility. d) Find outside support for yourself.

You can talk to a counselor, doctor, or other professional, or attend a support group for family and friends of someone with an eating disorder. e) Avoid comments on weight or appearance. Even if you "compliment" someone on losing weight, you may be giving the message that you only like the person because of the weight loss. f) Read and learn as much as you can about eating disorders. It will help you to understand more what the person is going through. g) Be patient, overcoming an eating problem takes time and help.

It is not just a matter of willpower. What are the symptoms? 1. Attention deficit: a) Does not pay close attention to details; may make careless mistakes at work, school, or other activities b) Failure to complete tasks c) Has difficulty maintaining attention in tasks or play activities d) Does not listen when spoken to directly e) Has difficulty organizing tasks f) Is easily distracted g) Unable to follow more than one instruction at a time 2. Hyperactivity: a) Fidgeting, squirming in seat, or moving constantly b) Wandering, may leave the seat in the classroom when expected to stay c) Has trouble participating in "quiet" activities, such as reading d) Runs and climbs in inappropriate situations e) Talks excessively 3. Impulsivity: a) May blurt out answers before questions have been completed b) Has difficulty awaiting turn c) Interrupts others d) Disruptive behavior The primary medications used to treat attention deficit disorder include: a) Dexedrine b) Ritalin c) and Cy lert.