Wolfgang Pauli was born in Vienna on April 25 th of 1900. Wolfgang grew up in a close family environment. He was greatly influenced academically by his father and his fathers close friend, a physicist named Ernest Mach. Joseph Pauli, his father, was a renowned professor of colloid chemistry. At the end of his high school career, his pursuit of greater learning and his remarkable knowledge of mathematics led him to study the then newly introduced Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein. This study left a lasting impression on his life.
In 1918 he went to the University of Munich to earn his Ph. D. in theoretical physics. In 1921, he graduated with honors. He married an actress by the name of Kate Depp ner in the late 1920's only to see it end with divorce. He later remarried a woman by the name Francisca Bertram in 1934.
He was certainly not a typical student, for he read Einstein's papers on relativity while he was still at the Gymnasium. Schoolwork was boring to the brilliant Pauli and he hid Einstein's papers under his school desk and studied them during the lessons. Not paying any attention in class did not hold Pauli back, for he graduated from the Gymnasium in July 1918 with distinction. Pauli showed himself that the electronic configuration is made fully intelligible by the exclusion principle, which is therefore essential for the elucidation of the characteristic physical and chemical properties of different elements. Among those important phenomena for the explanation of witch the Pauli Principle is indispensable, we mention the electric conductivity of metals and the magnetic properties of matter. In 1945, Wolfgang Pauli received a Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of the Pauli exclusion principle.
The Pauli exclusion principle has three main parts. Besides the Pauli Exclusion Principle, Wolfgang Pauli in known for his work on the Zeeman effect and his prediction, and eventually the discovery of the neutrino. In 1932, Pauli proposed that a particle causing beta decay in Radium had to exist. He called this a "neutrino." In 1956, shortly before his death, the neutrino was detected by experimentation. Sadly, on December 15, 1958, Wolfgang Pauli died.