Anorexia Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa is an illness that mainly affects adolescent girls, but it can also occur in boys. People with anorexia are obsessed with being thin. The most common features are loss of weight and change in their behaviour. The weight loss may become severe and life threatening.
There personality changes will be those of increasing seriousness and introversion and an increasing tendency to become obsessional. Victims of anorexia will usually begin to lose contact with their friends, and will regress and appear to lose their confidence. Victims may also become less assertive, less argumentative and more dependent. They believe they are fat even though they are very thin. Anorexia isn? t just a problem with food or weight, it is a attempt to use food or weight to deal with emotional problems. Anorexia Nervosa is an illness of several causes.
The weight loss that triggers the illness is often the result of a very normal weight lose diet, of the sort that is typical of many adolescent girls, but may be the result of unhappiness or illness. Those who become ill often share the characteristics and these are thought to make then vulnerable. The personalities of these girls tend to be conformist, compliant, and hard working. These traits are usually accentuated by the disorder. The families of anorexics are mainly high achieving with high expectations of their children. They often seem to discourage individual growth and encourage conformity.
There is frequently a failure to express emotional issues. There are often a lot of pressures such as exams when the illness starts and stress arising from difficulties in relationships with friends are also common. The reason some people get anorexia isn? t known. People with anorexia may believe they would be happier and more successful if they were thin. They want everything in their lives to be perfect. People who have the disorder are usually good students, they are involved in many school and community activities.
They blame themselves if they? re not perfect. Girls with anorexia usually stop having menstrual periods. People with anorexia have dry skin and thinning hair on the head. They also may have a growth of fine hair all over their body. They may feel cold all the time, they may get sick often, and they are usually in a bad mood. They have a hard time concentrating, and are always thinking about food.
It is not true that anorexics are never hungry. Actually, they are always hungry. Feeling hungry gives them a feeling of control over their lives and bodies. It makes them feel like they are good at something– they are good at losing weight.
People with severe anorexia may be at the risk of death from starvation. Treatment of anorexia is difficult, because people with anorexia believe there is nothing wrong with them. Patients in the early stages of anorexia (less than 6 months or with just a small amount of weight loss) may be successfully treated without having to be admitted to the hospital. But for successful treatment, patients must want to change and must have family and friends to help them. People with more Serious anorexia need care in the hospital, usually in a special unit for people with anorexia or bulimia. Treatment involves more than changes in a person? s eating habits.
Anorexic patients often need counseling for a year or more so they can work on changing the feeling that are causing their eating problems. These feelings may be about their weight, their family problems or their problems with their self-esteem. Some anorexic patients are helped by taking medicine that make them less depressed. These medications are prescribed by a doctor and are used along with counseling.