Attention Deficit Order (ADD) is a syndrome which is usually characterized by serious and persistent difficulties in poor attention span, weak impulse control and also hyperactivity. ADD is a subtype illness which included hyperactivity (ADHD). The illness is treatable, however it cannot be cured. It is a complex disorder which affects approximately 3 to 6 percent of the population. Common characteristics of ADD include inattentiveness, impulsity and usually hyperactivity. Individuals with ADD have difficulty reaming seated, they also tend to be easily distracted, and they also have difficulty following instructions.
Some other symptoms of ADD include difficulty sustaining attention, low listing capabilities and the patients often engage in dangerous activities. Diagnostic criteria for ADD must include six or more of the following symptoms of inattention which have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level: Inattention a) often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities. b) often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities. c) often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. d) often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions). e) often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
f) often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork or homework) g) often loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e. g. , toys school assignments, pencils, books, or tools) h) is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli. i) is often forgetful in daily activities. Hyperactivity) often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat. b) often leaves seat in classroom or in other situation in which remaining seated i expected.
c) often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness) d) often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly e) is often "on the go' or often acts as if "driven by a motor'f) often talks excessively. Impulsivity g) often blurts out answers before questions have been completed. h) often has difficulty awaiting turn. i) often interrupts or intrudes on others (e. g.
, at school or work and at home). A new study suggests that smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk of attention-deficit disorder and language problem development in children. ResearchersSkoude Central Hospital in Sweden studied 113 six year olds to collect data: 62 of the children had been diagnosed with deficit in attention, motor control and perception. The study found that mothers who smoked during pregnancy were more than twice as likely to have children with ADD. Authors further note that children with family histories of motor impairment and language disorders were at high risk for ADD. A single cause of ADD has not been conclusively proven but some possibilities include brain damage before, after, or during birth.
A another possibility also includes brain damage due to toxins, fetal alcohol syndrome, and metal intoxication such as lead poisoning. Researchers have repeated findings which may suggest anatomical basis for ADD. Researchers who wrote an article in The Lancet say recent studies using brain imaging techniques show that persons who suffer from ADD tend to have smaller than normal frontal lobes and basal ganglia in the brain. Perhaps the single most strongest correlation of ADD is genetics and heredity. There is no simple treatment for ADD, but the most common treatment is medication, especially with a drug called Ritalin. Also a another methods of treatment is counseling and training of the patient, including behavior modeling, self verbalization, and self reinforcement..