Ralph CramdonChapter- Prologue Page-3 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 1) What is the only large mammal that is native to every continent, and can breed in many types of environments? A: The only mammals known to be capable of this are humans. Ralph CramdonChapter- 2 Page-23 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 2) What is the percentage of DNA that we share with common chimps, or the pygmy chimp? A: We share 98. 4% of the same DNA. Ralph CramdonChapter- 5 Page-109 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 3) At what age was it determined that the formation of our sexual preferences takes place? A: It was decided that it was between birth and age six.

Ralph CramdonChapter- 6 Page- 115 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 4) Natural selection is credited for the geographic differences in humans, one example is between many African blacks and Swedish, what is this gene, and what does it protect the Africans from that the Swedish do not need to worry about? A: The gene is, the sickle-cell hemoglobin gene, which protects against the tropical disease malaria, present in Africa, and not much at all in Sweden. Ralph CramdonChapter- 8 Page- 141 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 5) The Great Leap Forward was made possible by what important part of our nature? A: It was made possible by the emergence of spoken language. Ralph CramdonChapter-9 Page- 177 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 6) Art is important to Humans in many ways; the second reason addressed in the book is because of the indirect benefits it brings to the owner, what are these benefits? A: Art indicates a person's status, and since status is so important in our society it is linked to getting food, land, and sexual partners. Ralph CramdonChapter- 11 Page- 199 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 7) Diamond believes that status is such an important part to humans that it can be credited to why some people develop drug problems, and he also ties it to Zahavi's Theory, how does he justify his belief? A: Since we associate so much time during our adolescent and early adult hood age to finding a social status we are much more susceptible to try behaviors that are harmful to ourselves to impress others. Ralph CramdonChapter-14 Page-237 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 8) What does Diamond credit the European's conquest of America and Australia to? A: He attributes it to two important factors: The first being the foreign germs that the Europeans brought with them, and the second focusing on the more advanced technology that they possessed.

Ralph CramdonChapter- 16 Page- 306 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 9) How does Diamond justify the fact that some people of the general public neglect to listen to the truth about genocide and tragic events? A: He suggests that since even professionally trained psychiatrists are unable to deal with the horrible recollections of Vietnam veterans, or children who survived Auschwitz, then that even the general public may not always be able to handle such traumatic ordeals either. Ralph CramdonChapter- 19 Page- 360 Easy, Swinging, Leaping 10) Diamond concludes that through four specific mechanisms, the world will be affected by mass-extinction. What were these mechanisms, and how many species does he believe could be gone? A: The four mechanisms that Diamond states are: over hunting, species introduction, habitat destruction, and ripple effects. He also estimates that over half of the existing species today will be extinct by as soon as the middle of the next century.