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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Terrorism - 1162 words
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.. like the famed Special Air Service (SAS) Regiment The Special Air Service regiment of the British Army, perhaps the most well-known of British special operation units, was founded in 1941 and has the motto 'Who Dares Wins.' Conceived to fight in the North African desert behind the German lines, the regiment later developed anti-terrorism skills while hunting the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Northern Ireland. The most famous SAS mission was the liberation of the Iranian Embassy in London in May 1980, which had been taken over by six gunmen. On the sixth day, after the gunmen killed a hostage, the SAS stormed the embassy. In the ensuing chaos, five of the six terrorists were killed, one hostage was killed and the 19 remaining hostages were freed.
Only around 10 soldiers out of 125 applicants are said to make it through the grueling selection process. Those selected receive the beret and famous winged dagger beret badge -- symbolizing the Sword of Damocles. The Regiment parachutists, known as the 'Paras,' were created in 1940 at the order of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Currently, the regiment is made up of four battalions, one kept in a constant state of readiness, and the Pathfinder Platoon, which conducts reconnaissance and other advance missions before any airborne assaults. British parachutists have fought in nearly all the conflicts that have seen British participation, including the invasion of Europe in World War II and the 1982 war with Argentina over the Falkland Islands, where the regiment endured the heaviest losses of all British troops
The Paras motto is 'Utrinque paratus,' or 'Ready for anything.' The Royal Marines, the British Navy's infantry brigade, are employed mainly for amphibious operations or from airplanes. The brigade retains a commando unit in constant readiness to deploy worldwide on short notice. Recruits can wear the green cap of the marines only after enduring 30 weeks of training. The current Royal Marine commando units were formed in 1940 at the request of Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who wanted special troops that could 'develop a reign of terror down on these (enemy occupied) coasts.' The Royal Marines participated in the D-Day invasion and mounted the world's first-ever helicopter raid in 1956 during the British-French assault on Port Said in Egypt. The Gurkha brigade originated with Nepalese soldiers in the 19th century, who impressed the British imperial troops with their ferocity and military ability. The first Gurkha units were formed in 1815.
They saw action in both world wars and were fundamental to the British military maintaining control of India in the 1800s. Today there are 3,400 troops in the Gurkha brigade, operating from bases in Great Britain. Most recently, Gurkha troops were used in the Persian Gulf War and the Balkan conflicts. AGM-84 Type: Standoff land attack missile (SLAM-ER)Range: More than 150 milesAccuracy: Classified - precision attack weaponGuidance: 'Smart' weapon with global positioning system and infra-red seeker, man-in-the-loop controlAGM-86 Type: Air-launched cruise missile Range: 1,550 milesSpeed: 550 mphGuidance: Flies at low altitude and relies on global positioning system Launch: Launches from B-52H and B-1B bombersJDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)oo Global positioning system guidance kitoo Converts existing free falling bombs into 'smart' weaponsThe political battleWith few exceptions, political leaders and citizens worldwide resoundingly condemned the September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and the Pentagon. But reactions to the U.S. military response to these attacks - assaults on Afghanistan from the air and, increasingly, from ground troops -- has not been so universally or positively received. Anti-American protests have broken out worldwide, including in the United States.
Several leaders, including some heading countries with large Islamic populations, have come out against the U.S. military action. These reactions have fueled concerns Washington is losing the battle for the hearts and minds of the global public, especially in the Arab world. The Bush administration has had more success in diplomatic circles. Most leaders have pledged support for the international anti-terrorism coalition, rallying behind the strikes on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan.
United KingdomMost Britons continue to support their Prime Minister, Tony Blair, who has played a leading role in forming the coalition against terrorism among western and Arab nations. Blair, made a keynote speech on Tuesday urging people not to forget the horrors of September 11. He was speaking as an opinion poll revealed public support for Anglo-American military action against Afghanistan had fallen. The Guardian/ICM poll found support down by 12 points in the past fortnight, from 74 percent to 62 percent. GermanyChancellor Gerhard Schroeder has spoken out against a pause, for humanitarian reasons, in military action in Afghanistan, saying that a temporary halt in the action would only prolong suffering. Some members of Germany's Green Party are among those who have called for daily bombings to be temporarily halted, and public opinion remains divided on the issue: 54 percent favour a pause so humanitarian relief can be provided, according to a poll last week.
RussiaOpinion polls show Russians are very upset about the September 11 attacks, but they do not support military involvement in Afghanistan. For 10 years, the former Soviet Union fought a war there, and withdrew in defeat. Many analysts say that was one of the factors that led to the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union. Young Russian soldiers died, or came back injured and scarred, so many families can't imagine going in that direction again. President Vladimir Putin is popular, and reflects public opinion when he says Russia will provide humanitarian help, bases and airspace for rescue missions, additional weapons for the Northern Alliance, but that's all. A series of bombings around Moscow a few years ago scared Russians.
The bombings were blamed on Chechen rebels, who have been described here as 'terrorists.' So Russians support what they see as an effort to eradicate terrorism in all parts of the world. Israel/Palestinian territoriesIn a divided region there was rare unity on September 11. Palestinian and Israeli leaders all condemned of the U.S. attacks, labelling them as unacceptable terrorism. Both sides committed themselves to being part of the U.S.-led global coalition against terror, and rejected attempts by Osama bin Laden to link the attacks to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. In the wake of the attacks a small group of Palestinians celebrated in the streets; at the same time others held candlelit vigils for those who died in the U.S. The Palestinian Authority has cracked down on protests against the Afghan strikes, at one stage its security forces shot a number of demonstrators. But it has yet to take a formal position on the U.S.-led attacks; saying they were an issue on which the Arab nations as a whole must formulate a stance.
Israel has supported the offensive, but among some Israelis there is resentment at U.S. demands that the conflict in the Middle East be ended. The U.S. has insisted that it is a stumbling block in its efforts to include Arab nations in the war on terror, and has demanded that Israel desist from the occupation of Palestinian-controlled territory.
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