"Jetliner " Now he takes his mark At the farthest end of the runway Looking straight ahead, eager, intense With his sharp eyes shining He takes a deep, deep breath With his powerful lungs Expanding his massive chest His burning heart beating like thunders Then... after a few... tense moments... of pondering He roars at his utmost And slowly beings to job Kicking the dark earth hard And now he begins to run Kicking the dark earth harder Then he dashes, dashes like mad, like mad Howling, shouting, screaming, and roaring Then with a most violent kick He shakes off the earth's pull Softly lifting himself into the air Soaring higher and higher and higher still Piercing the sea of clouds Up into the chandelier of stars-Naoshi Koriyama In this poem, Naoshi Koriyama portrays a large and powerful Jetliner as a simple runner or long jumper. It has been disputed if Naoshi is really speaking of a long jumper, and not a runner, in this analysis I hope to prove that Naoshi is really speaking of a long jumper starting his run and lunging himself into the air. I will also break down each individual stanza and present its Imagery and compare the Jetliner to the Long jumper.

Now he takes his mark At the farthest end of the runway Looking straight ahead, eager, intense With his sharp eyes shining In this stanza he shows the runner's thoughts and intense few moments before he begins to run. The runner waits impatiently, looking at his mark a few meters away, waiting for his moment to lunge into the air. His concentration is focused completely on the sand. Nothing will faze him as he stares intently on the sand. The Jet sits waiting on the end of the runway, waiting for clearance to take off. The pilots wait and follow through their routine last minute pre-flight checks.

The plane sits, ready to take off and begin its flight. Naoshi Koriyama alternates between his descriptions of a Man waiting to run to a Plane waiting to take off, but never fully describes the runner as a Jetliner. Each individual line can be taken for face value or as a metaphor for a massive Jetliner. The word runway creates the sense of flight, for describing the area a long jumper needs to accelerate to jump into the air, and the stretch of pavement used for a Jetliner to reach a speed fast enough to rise into the air.

But in using a word that could be thought of in both contexts, it reassures the author's idea of comparing two very different things. He takes a deep, deep breath With his powerful lungs Expanding his massive chest His burning heart beating like thunders This stanza shows the physical reactions before the long jumper takes off running, he begins preparing his body for the run ahead of him, filling his lungs with air and getting his heartbeat up. The Jet begins to start its' engines and get enough thrust to dart to the end of the runway in time to take off Then... after a few... tense moments... of pondering He roars at his utmost And slowly beings to job Kicking the dark earth hard And now he begins to run Kicking the dark earth harder Then he dashes, dashes like mad, like mad Howling, shouting, screaming, and roaring Here the runner takes off and begins his run down the short stretch of dirt, accelerating to begin his jump.

As he runs faster and faster his feet dig into the ground and throw dirt sky high. As he comes near to the end of this run, he screams and howls with all of his strength releasing his built up rage and tension. The Jet begins to accelerate down the runway, building up speed so it can fly into the air. As it runs down the runway faster and faster, it throws up dust and dirt from the runway into the air using its huge engine's exhaust.

As it nears the end of the runway, the engines roar with power. Then with a most violent kick He shakes off the earth's pull Softly lifting himself into the air Soaring higher and higher and higher still Piercing the sea of clouds Up into the chandelier of stars The long jumper finally reaches the end of his runway, and pushes off into the air, getting higher and higher into the air. Reaching heights never reached by him before. The Jetliner finally takes off, leaving the ground, soaring higher and higher into the air, past the clouds, and into the star filled skies above it. I believe that the poem is indeed about a long jumper and not a runner, if it were a Runner, I would not understand how the last stanza would make any sense.

Naoshi Koriyama uses his superb Imagery skills in this poem comparing a long jumper and a jetliner, both before take-off through the actual take-off.