In the early days of the Union Pacific Railroad there really wasn't really a manageable approach. The means of delivery were mostly by train and Union Pacific was one who provided services. There really wasn't much of a manageable approach back then, when all you had was a small fleet of trains going across the country delivering goods. Managing wasn't really something organization thought of, they were in it for the money. If you were an employee of UP such as an engineer you basically got a set of directions from your boss and were off until you arrived at your final destination. Over time these approaches have changed.
Approaches such as the classical, human resource and quantitative have all helped UP get from an average company to an excellent company. By using these approaches UP changed into a goal setting organization. Throughout the Industrial revolution different theories of management were brought up, one being the classical approach. The classical approach was a theory which strived to improve the productivity of operative personnel.
With the help of guys like Taylor, the Gilbreth, Fayal, and Weber efficiency increased. During this early time many organizations were very inefficient, where activities were unplanned and unorganized. There were also no real plans, managers really didn't know what to do besides run the business. UP Railroad was a company who was there to do was to perform services to their customers and that was it. There were no real goals managers could try to strive to, because they had no goals. In and around this time when UP was just established many were doing the same job over and over for very low wages, while certainly not knowing what they were getting into.
So for years many managers of UP and other organizations didn't have an efficient plan, while continuing to live by a low standard of living. This is until guys like Taylor and Gilbreth can along. Taylor spent months trying to figure out one way an organization could use one best way to do a specific job instead of everyone doing the same job at once. At UP being more efficient would lower prices and increase wages. As Taylor found a way to be more efficient, Gilbreth also was finding his own ways to being efficient. Best known for his bricklaying technique, Gilbreth also helped revolution alize efficient work.
With their help, organizations like UP could be more efficient, while helping there employees raise the standard of living. The next approach was the Human Resource Approach. This was really popular around the 1930's, during the great depression. The HR approach is used very effectively, by understanding the importance between employees and management. During rough times mangers must know what there employees are thinking. By doing so they can determine what techniques are most effective for motivating them.
Using motivational techniques is crucial for managers to employ on employees, especially through hard labor jobs. UP would definitely take care of their employees by motivating them and giving them pay incentives. These incentives would help insure they were getting the best out of their employees. By doing so this has helped UP stay in business for many years. So, basically the approach states if you take care of your employees, they will take of you. Finally, there is the quantitative approach.
The approach uses techniques which improves decision making. One advantage to this technique is that managers can improve resource allocation. UP can find new ways to get their parts, thus saving costs and speeding up time. Managers can also use this to determine work schedules. By doing so employees won't have to work an absurd amount in order to keep the business running smoothly. Managers can always find employees to work specific schedules which will make the work place run more efficient.
This is very effective for UP since having a plan is something that will make things run more smoothly. Now managers will improve their quality of decisions which will ultimately increase profits. Over time UP has changed their approach, which has improved the quality of the company. As each of the approaches becomes more of a valuable resource, a manager must know when to start using them.
At the beginning when there was no real management theory the company was just barely hanging on. But as time has past, adopting the new approaches has helped UP become a successful organization. The organization wouldn't be here without adopting these theories along the way. By doing so the company has changed, now the company has goals and ideal places it wants to be in the future. Before, the company really didn't know what direction to go in. These theories have helped this company stay around from the beginning to the present.
Therefore, Union Pacific Railroad has evolved by improving its managerial approach by following the theories of management. The theories such as the classical approach, the human resource approach, and the quantitative approach have all helped UP stay around until today. The organization has come from not having any manageable approach when it first started, to having a direction or a set of goals to set towards now. By following these approaches Union Pacific Railroad should be around for as long as I can see.