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Sample essay topic, essay writing: The Whitlam Government - 1142 words
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The Whitlam Government (1972 - 1975) introduced many ideas that impacted on all the people of Australia. There may have been impediments that prevented the Whitlam Government from introducing new ideas, such as the Senate. Nevertheless in three years the Whitlam Government managed to win the hearts of many Australians. In their three year reign the Whitlam Government managed to create Medibank, establish firm relations with People's Republic of China, establish the Department of Aboriginal Affairs (Giving all Aboriginals a 'voice'), obtained responsibility for tertiary education over from the states and eradicated tertiary fees, and establishing Supporting Mother's Benefit's. These were only a few of their achievements.Gough Whitlam had previously seen and heard of the Medical health scheme systems based at U.K.
which he favoured. The constitution was the barrier to introducing a health scheme in Australia, and the civil conscription clause. Medibank and other health schemes were designed to avoid civil conscription and provide healthcare service based on Government finance.Whitlam's aim in creating this system was to break the connection between healthcare and money. Whitlam wanted to break free from the hindrance of money; he wanted healthcare system based on health needs of people rather than the importance of money requirements.In 1972, the introduction of universal health insurance system known as Medibank (now Medicare) was born. It provided significant benefits to the population of Australia who had previously not been able to afford sufficient medical care; it declined private medicine and commenced to pay 85% of medical and hospital fees. Medibank provided inexpensive treatment by hospitals and doctors to all permanent citizens of Australia
Medicare is publicly funded tax surcharge that comes under the title of Medicare levy which add to the scheme. People with low income are excluded which follows a good example. People earning a high income pay a higher tax therefore compensating the loss of low paid workers.Medibank made a vast impact on all the Australian society, as now many people could afford sufficient medical care chiefly people who were still tormented from poverty.The disadvantages might to some people be that the higher they earn the more they have to pay in tax for the Medicare levy.The Whitlam Government had established a Department of Aboriginal Affairs and established the National Aboriginal Consultative Committee to promote interest of Aboriginal people in Australia and reduce the discrimination experienced by some. The leaders of the Aboriginal community proposed the issue to the government to develop a "black parliament" which would be responsible for dealing with issues affecting Aboriginals or part Aboriginals. The idea was developed and the Whitlam Government established the organization. The advantage of this was to have an organization dealing with the rights of the Aboriginals.
The system is based on the decisions of the Aboriginal council members which run along 27 divisions, running along Australia to hear the issues of Aboriginals and then act upon it. This would put more concern to the issue as you would be talking about only one ethnic group, making it a bigger issue. The basic impact it had on Aboriginals was that it gave them a voice in parliament, and they could act on their basis of belief.Australia's entrustment to the UN, was told to stop its support for South Africa and obtain a position in support of Third World policies in the UN, Whitlam had made contact with the Government of the Chinese Republic, ending contravene and warfare between China and Australia. Whitlam was able to begin a personal understanding with the Chinese Prime Minister Chou En Lai during his first year of office. For Australia this was a first that an Australian Prime Minister was able to develop a close bond between the leaders of China.
Diplomatic trade relation had been created with the People's Republic of China. A Chinese Embassy was opened in Canberra to expand the relations between the two countries including the aspect of trade. Chinese culture was widely introduced to promote its diversity among Australians. Trading relationships opened opportunities with Australia to trade amongst China and develop a diverse relationship. Students were able to travel to China to study, just in the same way students from China were able to study in Australia.The advantages would be the diversity among both of the cultures and the bonding of relationships with trade, leading to more jobs and economic growth.
The Australian government gained a beneficial ally, and students were able to take advantage to study in China. Some resentment was shown, such as the communist threat of China in Australia, the thought of Australia in danger. Chinese were known to work harder, for less when they first migrated to Australia in the 1840s during the Gold rush. In 1973, the funds that supply for the establishment of Schools Commission and granted considerable sums for educational research, improvement and transformation, brought an open movement of harassment and opposition. The Senate was under stress to overcome this budget crisis, and when they withdrew, the Schools Commission became the first major reform of the Whitlam Government in education. The Whitlam Government sought to make all education in Australia, from junior to senior level, free and open to all.
Whitlam believed that a students merit is the factor that should benefit for the communities vast financial commitment to tertiary education rather than the wealth of parents. The Government would pay for the fees of the student in University. The Whitlam Government brought new standards in education. Teachers and students were satisfied, all in all bring opportunities. The advantage of this policy would be that there would be more participants in University and therefore a more advanced society.
More students would attend and the affordability rate is by all parents so it can apply to all students. The disadvantages include that the universities might be more selective during their entry examinations, to fill certain number of students. The money has to come from another place to fulfil the policy. High tax could be the solution; this is a major disadvantage for low income earning families. The Whitlam Government introduced supporting benefits for single-parent families.
The supporting Mother's Benefit was introduced in 1973 to provide support for single mothers who were not being sufficiently accommodated. They couldn't work and care for their children therefore they needed a helping system which provided them with adequate pension fees to compensate their time for their child's needs. The pay was to that pension, only the name differed. Entitlements for Supporting Mother's Benefit did not begin until six months after the date of separation or birth of a child. The advantages of this would be that Australian single mothers can support themselves and their child with adequate care.Problems confronting The Whitlam GovernmentDespite the achievements of the Whitlam Government, they still had a difficult trial at the instance of their supremacy. Primarily the three reasons that ...
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