Comparative Government Report: Japan Japan is a first world, industrialized nation. They are considered an economic super-power. Japan has so small of a problem with poverty that they can afford to give money to neighboring nations who need help. Japan recently gave China the equivalent of $1 Billion to help combat poverty in China. Japans poverty rate is so miniscule, every single source has Japans poverty rate listed at NA%. However, it is known that there are some homeless people in Japan that the Japanese government tries to lend a helping hand.
In Japan, there are many government-sponsored programs. The programs and agencies are divided up between several parts of the cabinet, including the Cabinet Legislation Bureau, the National Personnel Authority, the Prime Ministers Office, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, the Ministry of Labor, the Ministry of Construction, and the Ministry of Home Affairs. The bulk of the government-sponsored programs, along with many of the more important ones fall under the Prime Ministers Office. These programs include the Fair Trade Commission, the National Public Safety Commission, the Environmental Dispute Coordination Commission, the Imperial Household Agency, the Management and Coordination Agency, the Hokkaido Development Agency, the Defense Agency, the Defense Facilities Administration Agency, the Economic Planning Agency, the Science and Technology Agency, the Environmen Agency, the Okinawa Development Agency, and the National Land Agency. The Fair Trade Commission is one of the programs that deal with trade. The Fair Trade Commissions main functions are to enforce the Anti monopoly Act, the Subcontract Act, and the Premiums and Representation Act.
However, the main government program that deals with foreign trade is the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Also under the Prime Ministers Office is the Economic Planning Agency. The Economic Planning Agency does extensive research on businesses and industries and then plans economic policies. Most of these developed policies are long-term policies and the Economic Planning Agency researches domestic and overseas industries and businesses. The Environment Agency is similar to the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.
S. The Environment Agency works to improve air quality, water quality, prevention of pollution and conservation. They are different from the Environmental Dispute Coordination Commission in that the Environmental Dispute Coordination Commission focuses on disputes with businesses and people on environmental issues. Perhaps the most widely known of the parts of the Japanese cabinet is the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. This ministry was formerly known as Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI). They deal with foreign trade, the Basic Industries Bureau, the Machinery and Information Industries, and Consumer Goods and Service Industries.
Like many industrialized nations, Japan is a major importer and exporter. Japan exports mainly motor vehicles, semiconductors, office machinery and chemicals. Japan imports mainly fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles and office machinery. Japanese goods seem to sell easier in the U.
S. then American goods do in Japan. Many economists say that this is because of the left-hand stereotype: Some businesses believe that what sells in London and New York will sell in Tokyo.