Bullying And Discrimination Differences in the social status are observed considerably large in the society of Maycomb. Scout and Jem are two little children who are growing up, observing all the complicated incidents and trying to understand them. In the Maycomb County, incidents get more and more complicated as the dilemma of racism becomes bigger and bigger and as wise Atticus starts loosing faith in the good in people. Maycomb's society is like a hierarchy.
On the top there is Atticus Finch, he always tries to believe the good people. The ignorant farmers Cunningham's are below the towns' people, which are below Finches. The Ewell's even lower on the society and the black society comes after them despite all of their honourable and respectable conditions. The place where black society stands on the social hierarchy enables Bob Ewell to cover his obscure presence by putting Tom Robinson down. Jem and Scout are growing in this society and Atticus keeps on trying to teach them to look at situations from another persons' perspective to understand it better.
This is like a moral lesson to the reader from Harper Lee. It is something that applies to everyone. The huge difference in social status is very destructive for the community and for Scout. For example, Scout doesn't understand why Aunt Alexander doesn't let her be friends with young Cunningham.
Harper Lee uses children's naivety and simplicity to show the complexities of the adult world and prejudice in human interaction. Atticus grows his children to be fair and equal. He is a very wise man, who in many situations knows how to act and what to do. In a racist society like Maycomb, he is brave enough to defend a black man.
This trial is very important because it gives an insight of the society people and how they react to Tom's death. At the end of this trial Jem looses his trust in rationality of the people and sees the irrational evil in people through this ugly incident. When the ladies of the county get together in Finches house, we get to know more about the women of Maycomb. They talk about how their black maids complain and that Jesus never complained so no education will make a "Christian" out of them. They don't consider blacks as Christians. After all they believe in the same God.
Women discuss and talk but they never really talk about anything that matters. Although they talk very politely and they say that they are not safe in their beds with all they innocence, they are very arrogant and discriminative. They things they say about black people are unbelievable. It once again shocks the reader and shows the bitter side of the humans with delicacy. The trial and the discrimination corrupts Scout. In the playground the children around bully Scout and call Atticus a "nigger-lover" and Scout tries to hit them but Atticus teaches that fighting won't solve anything.
Ones negative is generalised and again all the black society is discriminated after Tom's death. Harper Lee explores the issue of racism through the eyes of Scout, who is a girl who is growing up in a world of controversies of her fathers law case. Atticus is defending a black man who raped a white girl. All these characters teach a moral lesson at some point.
Lee's language is innocent but humorous so it catches readers' attention to these moral issues. Towards the end of the novel, racism affects many individuals in Maycomb. Racism in many aspects alters peoples' lives. Racism is basically the backbone of this novel and even justice can't overcome this, even though once upon a time Jem believed it could.