Literary Terms for Poetry 1. Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds 2. Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables 3. Blank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines 4.
Concrete Poem: A poem with a shape that suggests it's subject 5. Consonance: the repetition in two or more words of final consonants in stressed syllables 6. Couplet: A pair of rhyming lines usually of the same length and meter 7. Dramatic Poetry: Poetry that involves the techniques of drama 8. Epic: A long narrative poem about the deed of gods and heroes 9. Extended Metaphor: A subject is spoken or written of as though it were something else 10.
Free Verse: Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter 11. Haiku: Japanese poem written in 5-7-5 needs to convey a single vivid emotion by means of images from nature 12. Lyric Poem: A highly musical verse that expresses the observations of the writer 13. Mood: The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. The mood is often suggested by descriptive details 14.
Onomatopoeia: The use of words that imitate sounds 15. Parody: A work done in imitation of another, usually in order to mock it, but sometimes just in fun 16. Personification: A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. 17. Pun: A play on words based on different meanings of words that sound alike 18. Refrain: A repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song 19.
Repetition: The use, more than once, of any element of language- a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence 20. Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the ends of words- internal rhyme occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line 21. Rhyme Scheme: A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem 22. Rhythm: The pattern of beats, or stresses, in in spoken or written language 23. Soliloquy: A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage 24.
Sonnet: 14 line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter 25. Symbol: Anything that stands for or represents something else 26. Stanza = Paragraph.