The Greenhouse Effect This essay is going to describe what the greenhouse effect is and what it does. It is also going to say what causes the greenhouse effect and the consequences of it. What is meant by the term the greenhouse effect is that the heat from the sun comes into the Earth's atmosphere and cannot get out so become strapped. It gets its name because this is very much like a greenhouse. This effect occurs as the incoming short wave radiation is changed when it hits the Earth's surface into long wave or infra-red radiation. Heat energy in this form is then absorbed and stored in water vapour and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Many different things cause the greenhouse effect. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increased by 0. 4 percent each year because of the massive consumption of fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas. Another contributing factor is the the amount of forest logged, every second of the day the area of a football field in trees is cleared by either being logged or burnt. Two other deadly greenhouse gasses which are entering the atmosphere even faster than carbon dioxide are methane and, although they are not as damaging in the long run. These increases are likely to affect worldwide temperatures dramatically.

In 100 years time the average temperature for most parts of the world will increase from between 2 C to 6 C if greenhouse pollution continues a tits present rate. This temperature increase would drastically affect the growth of many different crops and cause the polar ice caps to melt, thus increasing sea levels to rise up to several metre's. If this rise in sea level was to occur many areas would be much more prone to flooding, and generally much deeper floods than would be expected now days. This flooding would happen coastal regions worldwide, and also along many rivers that flow to or from coastal inlets. The greenhouse effect is very important because it leads to rising water levels and temperatures which can have a large effect on the world's climate. Changes in the climate can lead to significant changes in agricultural industries.

This can lead to good farmland becoming deserts, make it too hot for some crops to grow or let pests and diseases thrive. As a result some countries can suffer bad economic conditions and people will have to move. Some low lying countries such as those on the Pacific islands or Holland could have a lot of flooding and a lot of money would need to be spent building sea walls and levee banks to stop flooding. For these reasons it is very important to carefully manage the greenhouse effect by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide going intothe air and planting more trees..