Atlantis: Fact or Fiction Lee Kirkpatrick February 5, 1999 Outline Thesis Statement: Many world renowned historical philosophers, explorers, and premonitionists have made many credible theories about the lost continent which have historical documentation to make them believable. I. Introduction II. Discoveries World Wide III.

Platos Account IV. Atlantis and the Earths Shifting Crust V. Edgar Cayce VI. Mount Krakatoa VII. Crystal Powers A. Atlantean Culture B.

Crystal and its Destruction VIII. Atlantis in Religion IV. Conclusion Lee Kirkpatrick English 4 Mrs. Ferguson February 5, 1999 Atlantis: Fact or Fiction Do you believe in the lost continent of Atlantis Or do you believe that it is merely a fairy tale for a misrepresentation in history Many of these glitches in history have been exploited as absurd accounts of a lost continent once destroyed. However, many world renowned historical philosophers, explorers, and premonitionists have made many credible theories about the lost continent which have historical documentation to make them believable. Discoveries World Wide This is probably the greatest discovery in World History was stated by Maxine Asher, the co-director of a scientific expedition that found a city on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean off Spain (Oman).

Many other scientists and explorers have found evidence of a former continent that once existed, but today can not be accounted for. A huge eleven room pyramid found 10, 000 feet under water in the mid Atlantic Ocean with a huge crystal top was reported by Tony Be nik. A sunken city about 400 miles off Portugal was found by Soviet expeditions led by Boris Asturua, with buildings made of extremely strong concrete and plastics. Strangely enough Boris said the the remains of streets suggests the use of monorails for transportation. Hundreds more of strange discoveries of objects on the ocean floors have been reported, but most historians still conclude that Atlantis is just a myth (Oman). Platos Accounts The ancient Greek philosopher Plato wrote two works, the Timelaus and Critias referring to the lost continent of Atlantis (Santos).

Plato acquired the record of Atlantis form his ancestor Solon. Plato describes Atlantis as, larger than Libya and Asia Kirkpatrick 2 combined; from it there was passage for the sea-farmers of those trying to reach other islands, and from them the whole opposite continent which surrounds what can truly be called the ocean. For these regions lie within the strait... seem to be but a bay having a narrow entrance; but the other ocean is the real ocean and the land which entirely surrounds it may with fullest truth and fitness be named continent. The Libya and Asia Plato refers to is roughly about the size of the contiguous United States. Plato therefore thought that Atlantis was even larger than Asia and Libya.

He also refers to Atlantis being near the bay having a narrow entrance. Today this is known as the Strait of Gibraltar, the opening to the Mediterranean Sea. Plato thought that the lost continent was somewhere just west of the Strait of Gibraltar. Plato also described the continent of Atlantis as being a very mountainous continent, high above the sea level, and being very green and plentiful to its inhabitants (Flem-Ath).

Because Plato was a Greek philosopher, he believed in the Gods of Olympus. The most important god of the Greeks was Zeus. Apparently, according to Plato, the inhabitants angered Zeus in some manner. Possibly due to the corruption that the Atlantean society had acquired. Plato wrote that the waters of the sea rose up and swallowed the mass whole. Plato estimated the destruction of Atlantis around 9600 b.

c. (Santos) Atlantis and the Earths Shifting Crust Rand Flem-Ath highly believes in Platos Critias and Timaeus. Flem-Ath however, feels Platos view of Atlantis is only a sliver of the truth. Rand Flem-Ath believes that the lost continent of Atlantis is actually the frozen continent of Antarctica. While this theory may appear to be absurd, Flem-Aths knowledge of history creates avid proof that this could be true. Plato described Atlantis as a continent high above sea level, and this is true about the continent of Antarctica.

In fact, Antarctica has an average elevation of six thousand, five hundred feet. This is well over twice as high as any other Kirkpatrick 3 continent. Flem-Ath discovered a map from an ancient Egyptian which was republished in 1665 by Athanasius Kirche r. The map included a continent located in the Atlantic Ocean directly between the Strait of Gibraltar and the Americas.

The continent was labeled Atlantis, and the map was inscribed with a Latin message. The message translates: Site of Atlantis, now beneath the sea, according to the beliefs of the Egyptians and the description of Plato. Rand Flem-Ath was the first researcher to compare the appearance of this Atlantis to the appearance of Antarctica. Atlantis in this map represents Antarctica size, shape, scale and position of an ice-free Antarctica (Flem-Ath). In 1976 encyclopedias claimed that Antarctica had been covered with ice for at least fifty to sixty million years. With this being true, Flem-Aths theory could not possibly be accurate.

However in 1991, two geologists discovered a frozen forest on the continent of Antarctica. These scientists proved that the forest could not be more than two to three million years old. Flem-Ath believes that if scientists can be wrong by fifty million years, his theory could be true. Rand Flem-Ath also believes that the world slowly began to enter the Ice Age before its destruction. As the continental drift carried Antarctica further towards the southern axis, the combination of the Ice Age and continents movement slowly made the Atlantis inhabitable for its people, the Atlanteans. Edgar Cayce Edgar Cayce was a famous premonitionists of the twentieth century.

He made many famous predictions about the lost continent of Atlantis. Cayce estimated the size of Atlantis to the size of what is now Russia and Europe. He believed that the eastern seaboard was the coastal region of Atlantis (Starbuck). Edgar Cayce made a prophecy of the corruption of the Atlantean society. Cayce said that the Atlanteans tried to rule the world.

They were constantly at war with the Rama Empire. Edgar Cayce saw the continent of Atlantis destroyed by the excessive use of explosives. He also saw that the continent of Atlantis was split into five separate Kirkpatrick 4 islands by immense earthquakes. Overall though Cayce felt that the destruction of Atlantis was due to the cultural mis happenings of a greedy, power hungry society. In order that the Atlantean society would not be completely lost along with the continent, the Atlanteans attempted to leave the continent in order to teach other civilizations what they had learned and about their culture (Starbuck). Mount Krakatoa Arysio Nunes dos Santos has a different theory than the others.

Santos places the continent of Atlantis in the Indies, India and Indonesia. So far this is the only place where there have been virtually no sightings of Atlantis. He believes that the remains of Atlantis lie at the bottom of the of the South China Sea. He also agrees with Plato on how Atlantis was destroyed and also when Atlantis was destroyed. With the location that Santos places this continent, it could explain why so many civilizations have made references to this mysterious island. He believes that people migrated to the island because Atlantis was a Paradise with ideal living conditions.

When Santos reviewed a predicted map of the last ice age in the Indonesian area, he found that a continent had to exist. The depths in this region are less than one hundred meters deep (Santos). Santos believed that the end of Atlantis was due to the most destructive volcano to ever erupt. Mount Krakatoa exploded and caused a giant tsunami, which ravaged the lowlands of Atlantis.

It also triggered the end of the Ice Age by covering many glaciers with a layer of black volcanic glass. This increased the glaciers ability to gather sunlight which sped up their melting process. As the glaciers quickly melted, water poured into the ocean raising the sea level one hundred to one hundred and fifty meters higher. This new high elevation put too much pressure on the earths crust and weak areas cracked creating more volcanoes and earthquakes. This completely put an end to the ice age and caused the extinction of many species of animal. With the rise of the oceans, Atlantis was completely submerged underwater, similar to how Plato described Atlantiss fate.

It is Kirkpatrick 5 believed by Santos that some of the islands in this area are the tops of ancient mountains that existed on the continent of Atlantis (Santos). Crystal Powers In order to understand Geoffrey Keytes theory about the lost continent of Atlantis, it is important to understand the Atlanteans. According to Keyte the Atlanteans were of extra-terrestrial origin who came to Earth over fifty thousand years ago. The Atlanteans were over eight to twelve feet tall with blonde hair and blue eyes. These people were very fair skinned with life spans of over eight hundred years.

These seven to twelve foot humaniods were thought to be a myth until a burial sight with eight to twelve foot skeletons was excavated. The Spanish conquistadors left diaries of wild, blonde-haired, blue eyed eight to twelve foot tall men running around in the Andes during the conquest of the Incas (Keyte). The Nazis also believed in the race of Atlanteans. World War II was fought because Adolph Hitler, the Nazi leader, was trying to recreate the so called supermen who had come and gone with the lost continent. In order to do so though, Hitler believed that they must first exterminate all inferior races (Omar). Keyte believed that the Atlanteans technology was far more advanced than modern technology.

The Atlanteans used crystals such as quartz to store and transfer energy. Keyte said that the Atlanteans stored solar, lunar, stellar, atmospheric, and Earth energies tuned at high frequencies. The energy was used for various purposes. Currents of energy were used for various purposes.

The crystals also powered vehicles through land, sea, and air at the speed of sound. As Atlantean society progressed, their need for more energy also arose. They began to tune the crystals at such dangerously high frequencies, that the Atlanteans destroyed themselves. Keyte says that finally the crystals were tuned to high that the Atlanteans lost control of the crystals. The energy triggered volcanoes, earthquakes, melting mountains, and tsunamis that ultimately lead to the submergence of Atlantis and possibly even the axis shift of the Earth.

In the Bermuda Kirkpatrick 6 triangle, near the ancient continent of Atlantis, highly charged crystals periodically discharge and cause dematerializations of anything near them (Keyte). Atlantis in Religion The ancient continent of Atlantis is also considered by many scientists to be the origin of all religion (Santos). The writings of Plato, Geoffrey Keytes theory, and Arysio Nunes dos Santos theory also coincide with Biblical Scriptures. Geoffrey Keytes theory describes an Atlantean race that lived as many as eight hundred years. In the Bible description of Adam, the first inhabitant of Earth, it says that he was a near perfect being that lived for as many as nine hundred thirty years of age before he died. Keyte also believed that the Atlanteans were virtual giants, and in the Bible it mentions that there were giants of the Earth in those days (Genesis 6).

The Bible also makes references that God flooded Earth when the first inhabitants became to corrupt (Genesis 6). This coincides with Santos and Platos views of the destruction of the lost continent of Atlantis. If the lost continent of Atlantis did exist, this would account for Biblical references to the Garden of Eden which can not be found today. Could so many philosophers be wrong about the lost continent of Atlantis Entire cities have been discovered on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean and many other unexplainable reports cannot be accounted for by skeptics. Although they may have differing views of Atlantiss location or how it was destroyed, historical evidence and discoveries point towards the ancient existence of a lost continent.

Kirkpatrick 7 Works Cited Cayce, Edgar. Atlantis. Atlantis: The Great Lost Civilization. Online. Internet. 26 Jan.

1999. Available web dos Santos, Arysio Nunes. The True History of Atlantis. The Scientific Evidence. Online. Internet.

26 Jan. 1999. Available web Flem, Randy. Atlantis and the Earths Shifting Crust. Source Symposium.

Online. Internet. 26 Jan. 1999. Available web Moses.

Genesis 1. United States of America: World Bible Publishers, Inc. 1989 Oman, Steve. History of the Golden Ages... Online.

Internet. 26 Jan. 1999. Available web >.