Thesis: Her experience as a member of the lower class who overcame poverty and her belief in bringing justice to the poor made everything that she did for the people of Argentina possible. I. Taking actionA. Collections for the needy B. The Secretariat II. Continuing the actionA.
The Eva Peron Foundation. The Social Help Crusade. The Hospital Train. Twelve hospitals III. Helping women IV. Helping children.
Helping the elderly VI. Seeing Eva's viewpoint Eva Peron " Mi vida por Peron!' ('My life for Peron!' ) [Evita]cried a thousand times before the roaring crowds, and then she died. There are parallels that could be drawn between her life and the lives of other obsessively ambitious women who have forced their way through poverty and fame. but instead popular memory finds parallels between Evita's life and the lives of the saints, because she did it all for someone else.
(Guillermoprieto 100) From Colonel Juan Peron's election in 1946 until her death from cancer in 1952, Eva Duarte de Peron greatly altered the lives of the Argentine people. Knowing from her childhood what it was like to belong to the lower class population of Argentina, she felt she had the inside connection to making conditions better for her ',' or " shirtless ones.' Her experience as a member of the lower class who overcame poverty and her belief in bringing justice to the poor made everything she did for the people of Argentina possible. Social injustice was everywhere in Argentina. It was too much for Eva to bear, so she decided to take action (Peron 12). Eva Duarte met her opportunity to work for the government when an earthquake destroyed most of the city of San Juan on January 15, 1944.
She helped take collections for the needy (To Be I). Later, she chose to work in the Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare. In this department she was able to meet many people and hear all of their stories and problems (Peron 71). She was especially interested in the lower class, the working class of Argentines. Coming from a family among the working class, she knew what they were going through. She had a special understanding of the working class and felt comfortable working with them to improve their situation (79).
Eva considered each worker that came into her office a friend, and she was a loyal friend to each of them (81). In all of this, her main purpose was to give justice to the poor. In 1945 she married Colonel Juan Peron, who became Argentina's president in 1946 (Taylor 39). Eva helped him a great deal with his campaign and she won the hearts of the lower class citizens.
When Peron took office, Eva, nicknamed Evita by the, acted as de facto minister of health and labor (Mc Henry 301). She also continued her work in the Secretariat for no salary. Her only earnings were the love and affection from Peron and the Argentine people (Peron 125). On June 19, 1948, Evita founded the Maria Eva Duarte de Peron Foundation, or EPF. This foundation was created to provide national safety where the government was weak (To Be II). The Foundation's work was necessary in the lower class areas of the country, rather than in the cities.
Eva believed that the were the base, the foundation, of the revolution. They were an essential part of the country's people (Peron 80). The Social Help Crusade created housing and neighborhoods that were affordable for the poor. The crusade also created jobs for the unemployed and school food programs. It provided inexpensive hospital supplies and free medication. Workers' unions donated many of these materials.
Evita began The Eva Peron Hospital Train, which provided free check-ups, vaccinations, x-rays, and general medical care to people who either did not have access to hospitals or who could not afford a visit to the doctor (To Be II). Twelve hospitals and two 'policlinic os' (hospitals for the railroad workers) were built with the same objective as the Hospital Train. These hospitals attracted the best doctor in the country, and the charge for a visit was minimal, if any (To Be II, Larson 3). Along with all these efforts, Evita and her foundation concentrated specifically on helping the women, the children, and the elderly of the lower class. Evita fought for the passage of the women's suffrage law, which was finally approved in 1947 after many years of being 'put on the back burner' (To Be II). She formed the Peronist a Feminist Party in 1949 (McHenry 301).
She also set up special homes for young women who left home for the city with little or no money, as she had done when she was young (Guillermoprieto 105). One of these homes was called the General San Martin Home for Women Employees. Evita frequently ate her evening meal here with the young ladies who were staying (To Be II). Evita commented, 'The country which forgets its children renounces its future' (To Be II).
With this in mind, the EPF founded orphanages called The Children's City and The Student's City. These cities we recreated for orphans, children whose families had no place to stay, and children who could not be cared for at home (To Be II). The Foundational so constructed 1, 000 schools (To Be II) plus agricultural schools, nursery schools, daycare centers, and workshops (To Be II). In order to cater to the elderly, the EPF created homes for senior citizens. As Larson commented, 'Evita believed that seniors should live in a place that encouraged them to go on living, not just wait for death' (3). The Foundation kept this thought in mind when the homes were built.
The villages were designed so the seniors could continue their occupations and hobbies if they chose to do so (Larson 3). People over sixty years of age who had no source of income were granted pensions. Evita also introduced the Declaration of Rights of Senior Citizens to President Peron on August 28, 1948. This declaration of rights was included in the National Constitution in 1949 (To Be II). Evita did not have specific reasons to help the. She did everything based on her deepest feelings.
She did not call the work she did charity. Nor did she call her work social solidarity, benevolence, or social welfare. She called her actions justice (Peron 5, 121). It is easy to see that Evita accomplished a lot for her people.
She introduced the to a better style of living. She gave them health care and an opportunity for a good education. She gave Argentine women the right to vote and a place to go while beginning their career. She gave the orphans a home and the elderly a place to retire. All of these things she did without expecting anything in return. The only thing she desired was the love of her people and of Peron.
Works CitedGuillermoprieto, Alma. 'Little Eva.' The New Yorker 2 December 1996: 98+Larson, Dolane. 'Evita's Legacy.' Evita Peron Historical Research Foundation. 10 January 1997.
web (2 April 1999). Mc Henry, Robert, ed. 'Eva Peron.' The New Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia. 1993 ed. [Peron, Eva. ] evita by evita: Eva Duarte Peron Tells Her Own Story.
Redwood City, CA: Proteus Publishing Co. , Inc. , 1978. Taylor, J. M. Eva Peron: The Myths of a Woman.
Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1979. To Be Evita. Part I. Trans. Dolane Larson.
Evita Peron Historical Research Foundation. April, 1997. web (9 April 1999). To Be Evita. Part II.
Trans. Dolane Larson. Evita Peron Historical Research Foundation. April, 1997. web (9 April 1999).