ADD 1 Running head: Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder: The Effects of ADD Tom Henderson Jefferson Davis Community College Psychology 200 Ms. Beulah Patton ADD 2 Attention Deficit Disorder: The Effects of ADD Introduction Attention Deficit Disorder, which most people know as ADD, effects over two million people in the U. S. every year. Many people think ADD was discovered within the last twenty years when in actuality it was discovered over one hundred years ago. "ADD is considered a learning disability.
However, children and adults who display some of the symptoms associated with ADD may hide a greater potential than expected" (Sympatico 38 of 40). Review of ADD ADD is a treatable but not curable disorder. It effects three to six percent of the population. It is usually found in children because that is when people are in the most active parts of their lives. Symptoms There are many symptoms that suggest that a person has ADD.
One example is of a person not being able to stay in one place for a long period of time. Another is that the person becomes easily distracted, has difficulty awaiting his turn in games, blurts out answers of questions, has difficulty following instructions, or ADD 3 playing games quietly, talks excessively, and engages in dangerous activity. There are several ways through which ADD can be diagnosed. One way is by a specialist observing the child's behavior. Another way of diagnosing ADD in a student is having the teacher fill out an evaluation sheet and turning it into the specialist, who interprets the data collected. Concerning observation of children, Sympatico says, " kids often have difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly, are often 'on the go' or often act as if driven by a motor, often talk excessively" (27 of 40).
Speculations Many Speculations have been given as to what causes ADD, but no one is for certain. One possibility is genetic / hereditary brain damage during or after birth or by toxins that are exposed to the child before or after birth. Also, " food allergies could cause ADD" (Sympatico 9 of 40). This theory has not been proven, but more scientific evidence is mounting and suggests that children can benefit from certain diets.
Treatment ADD 4 There are several treatments that help children cope with ADD, but if a child goes untreated the disorder will increase the risks of a child's educational performance, decrease self esteem, cause social problems and family difficulty, and have potential long term effects. The main treatment for ADD is medication. Medications are used everyday to treat the millions of people with ADD. The medications that are involved are Ritalin (psycho stimulants), Prozac (mood stabilizer) and tranquilizers. Ritalin slows the body actions, making the person calm and helps the person maintain a stable environment within oneself. Another drug, use to treat ADD is Prozac, which is a mood stabilizer.
It is used when the person is depressed. It allows the person to function without the person becoming insane. Another treatment technique used is informing and counseling the parents about their child's condition. This lets the parents know their responsibility in treating the child's disorder.
The parents can set up a system such as paying games for the child, which can encourage positive changes. The parents also have to discipline the child when he has done wrong. ADD 5 Teacher Training Teachers are trained to help deal with students that have ADD. There are several things that a teacher can do.
One is that a teacher might need to put the child in a place that will allow him to be less distracted. The child could be moved from a window or into the front center of the classroom. The teacher also can put well-behaved students around the child. This will allow the student to observe the behaviors of the other students. When the teacher is giving an assignment to his or her class, the teacher needs to write the assignment up on the board or give the student a piece of paper with the assignment on it.
When giving instructions the teacher should to make direct eye contact to the ADD student. Repetition is a technique used by teachers. This technique allows the student to remember assignment. Teachers need to keep in close contact with the parents. Phillips says, " Consider using daily or weekly behavior feedback reports" (4). This will allow the parents to know how their child is doing in school.
The teacher will also get a response from the parents on how the child is acting at home. ADD 6 This is a letter from a teacher to a parent whose child has ADD. Mrs. X, I've given a list of assignments your son Missed.
They are all overdue, but I've extended His deadline. I've asked for any of them for Two days, and I've gotten nothing. Also, he did Not turn in his journal. The assignments are: 1. Letter of Subscription 2. Topic outline 3.
Main idea of an article 4. Story about science need them ASAP. Thanks, Teacher. Extending due dates for some students is a good idea, but not for all.
What this teacher and parent decided on was to have the student have teacher sign her name on the assignment book for that day into which the student had written the assignment. The child would take it home and the parent would work with the kid until he had finished his homework. Then the parent signed the book and returned it to the teacher. ADD 7 Attention Deficit Disorder is not a life threatening disorder, even though ADD does persuade people to do things that other people would normally not do. One the other hand, many people with ADD can do things other people cannot.
For example, Ben Franklin, thought to have ADD was a disorganized man with endless ideas and imaginative projects. Another is Albert Einstein. He was a poor student who did not listen in class, but his knowledge in science helped change the world. Another great hero is Winston Churchill. He was a bad student who could not concentrate, yet he became Prime Minister of Great Britain and helped defeat Adolph Hitler and Germany. Even though these men had ADD, they were able to make a difference in the world.
Every child that has ADD has something special he or she can do in life. Finding that specialty may mean overcoming some obstacles, but it can be done with persistence. As long as the child takes the steps to make their lives a success. ADD 8 Henderson, J. (1995).
To the Parent of an ADD Student. Personal letter. Phillips, A. (1995). ADD In the Classroom.
SITE, web WWW ADD FAQ 3. 0. (1996).