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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Morality: The Pre-existing And Universal Code - 1305 words
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Morality: The Pre-existing and Universal Code Morality: A doctrine or system of moral conduct; particular moralprinciples or rule of conduct. To say that modern morality consists in accepting the standard of one'sage is to suggest that human morality changes with the passing of time. Thisstatement is just unacceptable. Morality is not something of a fad. It shouldnot go through trends like clothes or popular music, morality is the foundationin which our society is embedded in, a foundation from which human values andstandards derive from. If we are to agree that these values and standards areflexible within the boundaries of time, and that they contain within them noground rooted substructure in society, then there is no way in distinguishingthe difference between right and wrong.
Morality is what identifies theprinciples in which man exists, to seperate good from bad, and right from wrong,and every society should strive to discover and achieve these principals.Morality should not change over time even though cultures and socialstratifications do, what was morally right three thousand years ago is morallyright today and should be morally right three thousand years from now. Onlywith universal principles can we as collective society discover what is right,what is wrong, and what is best, therefore there exists not modern morality butsimply morality. An empirical philosopher, W.T. Stace, argues that if we believe allmorals are culturally relative, it is impossible for us to judge what is best.Although admitting he does not know what is best, he concludes that it is theresponsibility of man to discover what is. He does not dispute that moralcustoms and moral ideas differ from country to country and from age to age, butthat the fact that one culture thinks something is right does not necessarilymake it right just as much as what we believe is wrong in our culture does notnecessarily mean it is wrong."The fact that the Greeks or the inhabitants of New Guinea thinksomething right does not make it right, even for them
Nor does the fact thatwe think the same things wrong make them wrong. They are in themselves eitherright or wrong. What we have to do is discover what they are."1 The clashes in cultures between difference of morality does not meanthat morals are relative, all that it means is that unidentified cultures andtheir beliefs remain ignorant to the truth. However at the same time werecognize this, we must be careful not to commit to our own moral code as thejust one. The only truth that we can be certain of is that there is oneuniversal and moral code, and although we may not have found it, we must trustthat it is amongst us and that through our experience and continual growingknowledge, that we will come to it.
This is not even to say that there is oneculture within society today that defines the true moral code, for what we knowno culture contains this. However as time passes we build upon our knowledge oftruth in search for other truths that strengthen and further establish ouralready growing understanding of what is right and wrong and by doing this wecan discover certain values and beliefs from cultures that are indeed just andright. Of course by suggesting that there is the one universal moral code, onewould have to defend this by also implying that there is a superior power thatimposes this code amongst us. To take the position of ethical absolutism wouldbe quite difficult to achieve without the reference of God. "There would be no point, for the naive believer in the faith, in thephilosopher's questions regarding the foundations of morality and the basis ofmoral obligation.. For the true believer the author of the moral law is God.What pleases God, what God commands- that is the definition of right."2 Our civilization today is deeply rooted in Christianity.
The belief inGod is very popular within our society. As much as we may try to escapeChristianity, it still remains with us, "The moral ideas even of those who mostviolently reject the dogmas of Christianity with their intellects are stillChristian ideas."3 To believe or to accept the idea of one moral code, one mustbelieve that there is a God or a group of elite God's who imposed this code uponus. So there is, for most Christians, one single God, that rules over theentire universe, and his wishes are inked in the bible. Unfortunately, God'swishes are consistent around the globe, and time and age is of no significance.If some cultural group lives in disbelief of God then they simply live inignorance of him, and it is to their consequence that they are deprived.However then, since it is quite evident that popular modern civilizationbelieves in God, it is therefore reasonable to assume that with this belief weaccept God as the one superior ruler of the universe, like any otherauthoritarian ruler. If we are faithful to God we can assume that as our leader, he hasgiven us rules and regulations to follow, and obey.
Do any of the great leaders,past and present, leave the people who follow them with no direction, guidance,or instruction? Of course not. All leaders held their position because theywere instrumental in this area. God is no different. God has not left uswithout direction, he has delivered to us a preexisting order that applies toall ages. An order in which he lays the foundation in which man is to follow,an order that if followed will deliver to every culture on earth direction and agoal.
To change this preexisting moral code of mankind as time passes leaves thehuman race with no order. It would simply be impossible to say what is rightand what is wrong. What would be the grounds to indicate it? How couldanyone justify their actions without the evidence that it was the best action?God, the adjudicator of all our fates, decides what is good and what is bad.Killing in almost all parts of the world is considered an immoral action. IfGod determines that killing is unacceptable, then regardless of what a certaincultures beliefs are, their morals and those beliefs are wrong, and unpermisable.However if it so happens that we have misinterpreted the preaching of God, andkilling is acceptable, then the popular opinion on this matter is wrong. Thepoint is that one of these morals is right and one is wrong. It is unacceptableto say that because one society is inferior to another, or differs in ways ofanother, than it is then acceptable for all cultures to act in accordance withtheir ignorance and partake in unjust action. To say modern morality consists in accepting the standard of one's ageis to suggest that man is incapable (or perhaps too indolent) in finding thetruth.
If we are to accept the vast differences in morals and ethics in theworld as a beneficial standard to society we then accept that there is no rightand wrong, and thus there is no action that is best, and no action that can bejustified. We must realize certain values and beliefs that are ignorant tothose commands of God. Part of man's mission is discovering the preexisting anduniversal code that God intends for us to ascertain. This was the very reasonJesus was sent to us almost 2000 years ago, and it will be the same reason forhis return, to help instill those morals, values, and principles. And when hereturns the moral standard he will preach will not change because of the passingof time. He will preach the same code he did originally.
A preexisting,universal moral code that will serve as a foundation for man to build upon, afoundation where all men and women, while still being able to maintain thereculture and identity, will be able to live by the same principles, and morals aseveryone else, a foundation where everyone knows what is right, what is wrong,and what is best.
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