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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Boris Yeltsin - 1017 words
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Boris Yeltsin'We don't appreciate what we have until it's gone. Freedom is like that. It's like air.When you have it you don't notice.' Boris YeltsinYeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich, president of Russia, elected shortly before the breakup of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991. Yeltsin, who was elected to a second term 1996, is a central figure in the transition away from communism in the former USSR and has dominated Russian politics in the last decade.Early Life In 1930, Ignaty Yeltsin, a well-off peasant of Butka village was declared 'kulak'. His mill and other valuables were seized by the state. Rumors have it that Ignaty either fled the village, or was sent to internal northern exile. 1931, Ignaty's grandson, Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin, was born in Butka. Soon afterwards Boris's family moved to the city of Kazan, where his father, Nikola, worked at a construction site of a machine-building factory.
On May 23, 1934, Nikola Yeltsin was convicted of anti-socialist agitation. He served three years in Stalin' infamous labor camps of GULAG. After his release, Nikolai Yeltsin remained unemployed for awhile, then worked in construction, and Boris's mother Klavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina was a seamstress. In his youth Boris blew off two fingers trying to disarm a hand grenade (he was most likely playing with it not disarming it). Boris graduated from Pushkin High School in Berezniki where his parents lived from the late 1930's to the early 1970's. After graduation, Boris went to Ural Polytechnic Institute in Sverdlovsk. While in college, Boris played pro volleyball for Sverdlovsk in the USSR first division
In 1955 he graduated with a major in construction. In 1955 he got his first job, he worked for Uraltiazhtrubstroy. Boris mastered twelve construction skills (stonemason, carpenter, etc.) and became foreman. In 1956 Boris married Naina Ioifovna Grina, a student he knew in college. They have two daughter, Yelena and Tatiana, Born in 1957 and 1959.
Yeltsin's engineering career advanced rapidly, he held jobs as chief engineer. In 1961, Boris joined the Communist party, by 1963 he became chief of a housing construction integrated plant, where he had thousands of people under his command.Yeltsin the Communist Boris Yeltsin's career in the Communist party administrative part began in 1969, when he became Chief of the Construction Department of Sverdlovsk region committee. In 1976, Boris was elected secretary, then latter first secretary of the Sverdlovsk region committee. In 1977, Boris was ordered by the Kremlin to destroy the Ipatyev House, where the last tsar, Nicholas 2 was executed with his family, and the hose was demolished over night and the site was paved over with asphalt. In April 1985, Boris moved to Moscow, where he was elected the First Secretary of the Moscow City Committee. This position elevated him to the status of an alternate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee.
This period of Boris's life is remembered by the citizens of Moscow, because of the renovation of Arbat (a historical street in downtown Moscow). Boris sharply criticized the Secretariat of the central committee, for it's slow pace of reforms at the plenary meting of the central committee, in 1987. As a result, Boris lost his position in the Moscow committee and in the Politburo. He was hospitalized with heart trouble when the KGB, on the order of Mikhail Gorbachev, made him leave the hospital and escorted him to a plenary meeting of the Moscow city committee, where he was 'sacked'. The next year, Boris was appointed first Vice Chairman of the state Committee on Construction (an obvious demotion).Yeltsin the Democrat March 1989 became the turning point in Boris's career.
He was elected to Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR from Moscow electoral district number 1, in the first multi-candidate parliamentary elections in the entire history of the USSR. One of the more popular parts of his campaigns was a call for a reduction in spending of the USSR's space program. He received a seat in the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, where he held the position of Chair of the committee of construction. More importantly, he became he became a co-leader of the inter-Regional Group of Deputies, which stood for Human Rights and Democratic reforms. Boris was elected speaker of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) in May 1990. By that time, he was known for his harsh criticisms of Gorbachev and other 'communist hard-liners.' In Boris's mind, Gorbachev had to speed up the reforms of the USSR, get tough on the right wing factions of the soviet government, and transfer more power to the republics and the people of the USSR. On June 12, 1990, Congress of the People's Deputies of the RSFSR adopted The Declaration of Sovereignty of the RSFSR.
June 12 is now celebrated as the Russian's Independence Day. In July, Boris resigned from the Communist party. In August, Boris meet with Gorbachev to sign a document that called for an overhaul of the Russian economic system and harmonized relations between the Kremlin and the Republics of Russia. Gorbachev withdrew his support of the program in fall 1990, and it was never implemented. Boris was infuriated and called for the immediate resignation of Gorbachev on a television address in February 1991. Gorbachev seeked a compromise, negotiations on the Union Treaty started in Novo-Ogarevo.Yeltsin the President In the first democratic election in the history of Russia held on June 12, 1991, Boris captured nearly sixty percent of the vote to defeat five other candidates.
President of the USSR Gorbachev attended the inauguration and congratulated Boris. President Gorbachev, the heads of the soviet republics and Boris were scheduled to sign the Union Treaty on August 20, 1991. Gorbachev, Boris, and the President of Kazakhstan had an informal meeting on July 29, where they talked of replacing KGB chief Vladimir Kryuchkov, Minister of Defense Dmitri Yazov, and Prime Minister Valentin Pavlov. Never the less the KGB were taping the conversation. These tapes stroke fear into many members of the Communist Party and these members plotted a coup. On August 18, 1991, President Gorbachev was detained at his summerhouse in Crimes, by the coup plotters. The next day, they announced the takeover of Gorbachev's power, by the vice president.
After hearing this Boris rushed to 'The W ...
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