The mission and values of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is up held with strong Constitutional values. Over the years since the FBI was created in 1908 by Attorney General Charles Bonaparte during the Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. As a progressive during this time period Bonaparte applied his philosophy to forming the FBI with several corps of agents. His thought was that these men should have expertise and not political connections. With the U. S.
Constitution based on "federalism" a national government with jurisdiction over matters that cross boundaries, such as interstate and foreign affairs. With this over the years the FBI has been given a large amount of authority to serve and protect. Doing so the FBI has been broken into seven areas to follow the U. S. Constitution.
Background Investigations, Civil Rights, Domestic Terrorism, National Foreign Intelligence, Organized Crime/Drug Cases, Violent Crimes, and White Collar Crimes. Given this a large amount of authority even today the FBI sees to it that they base all their actions from the U. S. Constitution. In the area of Background Investigations the FBI manages checks on anyone who applies for positions with the Department of Energy, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Department of Justice, and the FBI its self. When conducting these investigations on applicants the FBI will interview past neighbors, and coworkers of those who apply.
Also they will check their criminal records and credit history. Doing so to make sure the applicant is suitable for the position. To serve the citizens of the United States the FBI watches over police brutality and housing discrimination matters. All under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In the Domestic Terrorism Program the FBI is the lead federal enforcement agency. Watching over the fight against terrorism in the United States.
The Terrorism Program investigates any threats involving atomic energy, weapons of mass destruction, sabotage, hostage-taking and civil unrest. The FBI has a National Foreign Intelligence which overseas the U. S. Intelligence Community. Its task is preventing foreign espionage, and espionage on the U. S.
economy. Investigating counterintelligence cases within the United States borders. The National Foreign Intelligence Program prevents foreign espionage with investigating foreign cases within the U. S. borders.
Also the Intelligence Program is involved with threats, weapons in mass destruction, including the nation's critical infrastructures such as communications, banking systems, and transportation systems. The other areas of the FBI include the areas of Violent Crimes, and White Collar Crimes. These two areas work right next to each other. Violent Crimes division takes on cases of kidnapping, sexual exploitation, bank robbery, and consumer product tampering. One of the Violent Crimes Programs major areas is dealing with a threat of assault or actual assaults on the President, Vice President, or Members of Congress. Where the White Collar Crimes Program focus is on money laundering, bank fraud, public corruption, and fraud against the government.
This is the largest Department of the FBI over looking a large amount of daily crimes. That are produced by criminals on the run. With the FBI having its self broken into several divisions the United States has a large protection proceeding over the barriers of the States inside and out. The only area that can be tougher to look over other than the U. S. is the inner workings of the FBI.
So to this day the FBI will continue to have its high level of authority to serve and protect.