THIS PAPER WAS WRITTEN BY AN 9 TH GRADER! Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He was named Christof ero Columbo, after the patron saint. His father was Done nico Columbo, a weaver and wool dealer. Columbus had two brothers, Diego and Bartolom e. Historians are certain that Columbus was not a noble. Columbus's crew on the first voyage were not a bunch of cutthroats.
They were mostly hometown boys' from Andalusia, and nearly all experienced seamen. Of the four voyages of Columbus, only the crew of the first voyage is completely known. Alice Bache Gould spent decades combing various archives in Spain, and eventually came up with the list of the 87 crewmen of the Ni~na, Pinta, and Santa Maria. In 1465 Columbus started accompanying his father when he went to sea to sell his cloth. In 1465-1475 Columbus learned how to handle a ship and became aware of the risks of navigation. By 1475, Columbus grew up to be a well-spoken young man.
Columbus went on an expedition to the island of Chios in 1475, a Genoese possession in the Aegean Sea. Columbus then stayed there for many months defending from Turkish attack, a business that extracted gum mastic from trees, which was used as a painkiller. French pirates attacked Columbus when he was on a ship carrying a shipment of gum mastic. In 1476 Columbus moved to Lisbon with his brother, Bartholomew who also was a sailor. Between 1476-1479 Columbus sailed out on various sailing expeditions. In 1479 Columbus married Felipe Moni z Perestrello.
In 1480 Columbus' first son Diego is born. 1477-1482 Columbus makes merchant voyages as far as Iceland and Guinea. In 1484 Columbus proposes his voyage to the Indies to King John II of Portugal but he was refused. Then in 1486 Columbus visits Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to request support for his voyage. In 1488 Columbus once again requests support of King John II but is refused again. In 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella finally approved Columbus' voyage.
On August 2, 1492 Columbus sets sail from Palos, Spain. September 6, 1492 Columbus Departs Gomera (Canary Island) after repaired. October 12, 1492 New World sighted at 2 a. m. by Juan Rodriguez Bermejo. On October 29, 1492 Columbus arrives at Cuba.
December 24, 1492 One of Columbus's hips, the Santa Maria sinks. On March 8, 1493 Columbus returns to Palos, Spain. In 1493 Columbus sails on his second voyage to the New World from Cadiz with seventeen ships. In 1493 Columbus found the colony of Isabella on Hispaniola and explores the coasts of Cuba and Jamaica. Then on June 11, 1496 Columbus and his men return to Cadiz. In 1498 Columbus leaves Hispaniola on his third voyage.
Also in 1498 Columbus sights land and names it Trinidad. Columbus then goes on to explore the Venezuelan coast. In 1500 Columbus was arrested by Governor Bobadilla of Hispaniola and was shipped back to Spain in chains. In 1502 Columbus sailed from Cadiz on his fourth and last voyage.
He then explored the coast of Central America. In 1503 Columbus got stranded in Jamaica after his ships were worm-eaten. In 1504 Columbus and his men were rescued and sail back to Spain. On May 20, 1506 Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain..