Essay writing, free sample essay topics, research papers
You are welcome to search the collection of free essays and term papers. Thousands of essay topics are available. Order unique, original custom papers from our essay writing service.
Sample essay topic, essay writing: Ronald Takakis Hiroshima - 1051 words
NOTE: Essay you see on this page is free essay, available to anyone. We strongly do not recommend using any direct quotes from these essays for credit - you will most probably be caught for copying/pasting off the Internet, as it is very easy to trace where the essay has been taken from by a plagiarism detection program. You are welcome to use these samples for your research, but if you want to be sure that your essay is 100% original and one of a kind, we highly recommend to order a custom essay from us.
.. uld be left to the 'highest political leadership" and not to the military. Szilard and several other atomic scientists sent a petition to President Truman protesting the bomb on moral grounds. This prompted a poll of the Manhattan Project scientists concerning the use of the bomb. The poll concluded most of the scientists were opposed to using the bomb in the manner it was deployed. One day after the test of the bomb sixty-seven scientists signed Szilard's "A Petition to the President of the United States" which stated that they had concluded that atomic power could bring about a quick end to the war. This petition presented the scientist's belief that their were no limits to the power of atomic destruction and any nation that uses this power must "bear the responsibility of opening the door to an era of devastation on an unimaginable scale..".
(136) The petition also stated the scientists did not believe the atomic bomb should be used against Japan unless they were given the opportunity to surrender and refused, and that the president seriously considered the moral implications of using the bomb. This petition was included in a letter received by General Groves and passed onto Stimson. However, he did not receive it until after the bombing of Hiroshima. Many key figures who later advocated the use of the atomic bomb to end the war also supported the idea of a conditional surrender. One of these was Secretary of War Stimson. In July 1945 Stimson wrote in his diary about discussions of Japan's possible surrender "I then spoke of the importance which I attributed to the reassurance of the Japanese on the continuance of their dynasty, and I had felt that the insertion of that in the formal warning was important and might be just the thing that would make or mar their acceptance". Secretary of State Grew also believed that a conditional surrender was the best course of action and saw that this plan was approved by his cabinet and the Joint Chiefs
When Grew proposed this action Truman believed it to be a "sound idea" and agreed with it. (36) However, he later revised his strategy and was determined to force "unconditional surrender" in the Pacific. The decision to use the bomb was a complex issue involving many factors. Most of the members of the Interim Committee viewed the atomic bomb as an important tool of diplomacy. Truman and many of the committee members were worried about Soviet expansionism.
Truman feared that "The Russians were planning world conquest" and believed that "Force is the only things the Russians understand". (60) The development of the bomb gave Truman greater confidence in his dealings with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference. The bomb also enabled the U. S. to end the war without the entrance of the Soviets into the war in the Pacific.
Truman and his advisors feared that Russia's entrance would lead to strong Soviet influence in postwar Asia. I generally agree with President Truman's decision to use the bomb to end the war. It achieved the goal of a ending the war without the loss of any additional American lives. Most Americans wanted a quick end to the war. "A poll conducted by Fortune in December 1945 found that 54 percent of the respondents approved of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki."(71) I believe that the bomb was an important tool for diplomacy and that the demonstration and willingness of the Americans to use this tool on a military target led to America wielding a fair amount of power in postwar negotiations. General Byrnes believed this to be the best use of the bomb.
He advised Truman that the use of the bomb "might put us in a position to dictate our own terms at the end of the war." (62) In addition, Stimson wrote an essay in Harper's magazine following the war. This article was meant to explain the American decision to use the bomb against Japan. However, "Stimson frequently interrupted his narrative with references to the ominous threat of Russia". (130) Although I generally agree with using the atomic bomb to end the war I am not entirely sure it was the right decision. The Japanese surrendered after the bombing and were allowed to keep their dynasty.
Therefore, I agree with Grew and Leahy who condoned accepting a conditional surrender of Japan rather than forcing them to utter collapse by the use of the atomic bomb. The same end with this regard could have been achieved without the complete destruction unleashed by the bomb. In addition, I agree with Takaki that this decision was not made to save American lives but was affected by some other less than noble sentiments. One of these was racism. American shock over the bombing of Pearl Harbor greatly led to the hatred of the Japanese. The Americans viewed the enemy in the Pacific much differently than the enemy in Europe.
The enemy in Europe was defined as Hitler and the Nazi whereas the enemy in the Pacific was "the Japs". This demonized the entire race of people. This "demonization" was aided by the fact that the Japanese did not look like most Americans. This racism spiraled out of control and many Japanese Americans began to suffer social injustices. In 1942, 120,000 Japanese-Americans on the West Coast were evacuated and placed in internment camps.
This was justified by General Dewitt who stated "In the war in which we are now engaged racial affinities are not severed by migration. The Japanese race is an enemy race..".(91)Regardless of whether one supports the decision made by President Truman to use the atomic bomb it is unquestionable that this event changed the face of the world forever. War would also never be the same following the deployment of this new technology. Also, the scientist's prediction about the lack of limits on atomic power have proved true. I agree with the scientists who signed the petition to Truman ; the development of this weapon has convinced us that another war of this magnitude would mean the absolute annihilation of all nations.
Hopefully, fifty five years after the bombing we as Americans and humans have learned and are closer to the day when we and all countries can rid ourselves of all weapons of mass destruction in favor of other methods for handling disputes.
Research paper and essay writing, free essay topics, sample works Ronald Takakis Hiroshima
Essay help, free essay samples:
The Untouchables: Mise-en-scene Analysis, M9 Service Pistol - United States Marine Corps, The Metamorphosis: Use Of Comedy And Irony, Veronica Decides To Die, Report On Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Fire, The Indoctrination Of The Concept Of Racial Hygiene: The Begining Of T, The New Way To Book Your Travels, How To Speech, Caring Moments, Jackie Robinson, Benjamin Franklin, Hanson, Aliens Built The Pyramids, Moses Vs Abraham, Physiological Effects Of Ventolin, Get Nevada Glowing, and much more...
All rights reserved © 2004-2013 essaypride.com, links