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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Problems And Preventions Of Ebola And Aids - 1135 words
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Viruses have become of great concern all across theworld in the last few decades. The most common and the most talked about killervirus is AIDS, a virus that starts out as HIV and then proceeds to developinto a immune breaker that ultimately kills its human host. So far, thereis no cure for AIDS, and most unfortunately the numbers of deaths from AIDSonly continues to grow. However, another virus has gained much public andnational attention. That virus is called Ebola.
It is thought that Ebola'seffect on humans is restricted to Zaire, Africa. Viruses that kill peoplein large masses is a major threat to mankind; the only hopes of destroyingthe viruses is dependant upon technology. AIDS is a deadly diseasethat most people understand as a sexually transmitted disease. In fact, thevirus can be transmitted sexually, but it can also be transmitted through bloodtransfusions. The fact that it can be transmitted sexually causes a greatproblem. Everyday, enormous amounts of people have sex--some people with differentpartners
People may have less sex than before because of the threat thatthe virus poses, but it has already started, and cannot be stopped until acure is found. Unlike Ebola, AIDS was not detected as early as one wouldhave hoped. The AIDS virus can stay dormant for over a decade before it isnoticed as a real problem (Shenon 8). During that decade, the virus canspread like a wild fire. One person contracts the virus, transmits it to another,and another, and so on.
As Shenon explains, AIDS became recognized as a realproblem in the early seventies and was mostly concentrated in the United Statesand in Africa, but surprisingly it reached Asia a decadeafterward. He goeson to explain that AIDS has spread exponentially in Asia. Thailand, recognizedfor its proliferation of prostitutes and illegal promotion of sex with children,could be held responsible for the tremendous outbreak of the virus in Asia,explains Shenon. He also points out that now that the virus has already brokenout, Asia has the best AIDS prevention agenda in the world (8). For nowthe best prevention of AIDS that is available is education and protected sex.Until a cure is found for the ruthless virus, this is the only means of preventionthat is available to the public.Ebola is one of the most rapidlyfatal viruses on the planet and is believed to have begun somewhere in Zaire,Africa (Altman 3).
There is no positive explanation as to how the virus isspread. When the virus is contracted by humans it causes hemorrhagic feversand becomes extremely transmittable (A Case of Deadly Virus 4). Like the AIDSvirus, Ebola has no cure. The only advantage of prevention that Ebola hasover AIDS is that it does not stay dormant for decades therefore, it can beisolated much quicker. Being able to isolate the virus in one town or countrymakes the termination of it much easier.
It seems inevitable that the twomost deadly viruses in the world are contracted by the idea of self preservation.As stated earlier, AIDS is transmitted sexually, and Ebola is widely spreadthrough the consumption of chimpanzee meat that is a common delicacy in Asia(A Case of Deadly Virus 4). Just as sex is an act that is very widespreadall around the world, eating chimpanzee meat in Asia is something that isvery common. It is very hard to stop the spread of a disease when it is spreadby something that seems 'second nature' to a person. The action that probablyultimately stopped the virus from spreading to neighboring countries is thefact that the CDC (Center for Disease Control) and the WHO (World Health Organization)were prompt to go the scenes of outbreak and begin studying the virus (A Caseof Deadly Virus 4). When just one man became infected with the disease inthe western Ivory Coast, the WHO were on the case to examine the problem (ACase of Deadly Virus 4).
Unfortunately, the people that are trying to stopthe spread of the virus and those who are close with the victims are thosepeople that have the greatest chance of being infected (Altman 3). After a great deal of studying the ways that the virus is spread, it becameevident that there are other ways to become infected except by the eating ofchimp meat. As depicted by Altman, scientists do not believe that the viruscan become full blown like the common cold or influenza (3). It is known thatthe virus can become attached to droplets in the air, but the amount neededto be infected through the air is uncertain (3). Other ways of contractingthe disease is through urine, contaminated blood, and through feces (3).
Themasses of underdeveloped villages in Asia is a breeding grounds for the Ebolavirus for many reasons. Many people walk around with no shoes on and thereforecontract the disease by stepping on the feces. Water is one of the preventionmeasures that is taken to help prevent the spread of the virus and there islittle, if any, running water in the undeveloped villages (Altman 3). WHOclaims that the Ebola virus is over in Zaire (Altman 3). The entire world isvery fortunate that the Ebola virus did not spread as quickly as it couldhave.
Much respect is owed to the scientists and researchers who worked diligentlyto isolate the virus.The problems of the two viruses that have beendiscussed can be contrasted to the sicknesses that are discussed in the Bible.The Bible in many places mentions tremendous outbreaks of killer plagues.Technology and the recognition of diseases and sickness is much better thanit was in Biblical times. But somehow the plagues of Biblical times were overcome.It could be that the AIDS virus will just die out over time or the human racewill eventually build up an antibody to the virus. AIDS could be the pinnacleof all diseases to ever exist because it would be most unlikely that humanswill build up an immune to a virus that does nothing but destroy the immunesystem until the organism that it lives in can no longer live. As for now,not knowing if and when the AIDS virus will be over, technology and researchmust keep working to find a cure for the ruthless virus. To the many peoplethe Ebola virus did not affect, they should now realize how vulnerable theirlife and the entire human race really is.
Viruses will probably always exist,but as long as they do, technology must continue to move on even where thereseems to be no hope of finding a cure. Technology is the only answer to endingwhat has already begun.Works CitedAltman, K. Lawrence. 'New Skin Testwill Help Track Ebola Infection inRemote Areas.' New York TimesSeptember 19,1995 C3.Shenon, Phillip. 'AIDS Epidemic, Late to Arrive,Now Explodes in Populous Asia.' New York Times January 21, 1996sect.1 1.'A Case of Deadly Virus Reported in Ivory Coast.' New York TimesDecember 9, 1995.
sect.A 4.'10 in Gabon Die of Ebola after Feastof Chimp Meat.' New York TimesFebruary 17, 1996 sect.A 5.
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