The policies of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union underwent significant changes since the October Revolution in 1917 until 1921. These transformations were an outcome of the precarious political, social and economic state of post World War I Russia. The adaptations made to their policies were created as a method of ensuring communist power. ^aEURc 2 political hurdles had to be faced by the Bolshevik party ^aEUR" political survival and economic backwardness.

These two problems gradually led them away from their original goals and force them to build a society similar to Tsarist Russia. ^aEURc The congress immediately passed 2 decrees on peace and land. The first proposed immediate negotiations to end the war and the second abolished private ownership of land. ^aEURc The new government did not command much power as they did not have a traditional machinery of power. There were no bureaucrats, soldiers or police whose obedience it could take for granted. When the new commissars entered the Tsarist ministries most officials refused to obey them.

^aEURc In the early months after October, the Bolsheviks took the aim of ruling through popular support rather than through a machinery of power. ^aEURc December 1917 they created a new police institution for the suppression of counter-revolution, sabotage and speculation. ^aEURc Lenin^aEURTMs essay, ^aEURoeState and Revolution^aEUR.