Functions of Management Paper The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. All four of these functions of management are used through out each and every type of business out there in the world. The first function of management is planning. Planning is "specifying the goals to be achieved and deciding in advance the appropriate actions needed to achieve those goals." Planning includes analyzing current situations, looking into the future of the company, deciding what activities the company should look into and determining resources needed to achieve the goals.
In my place of employment, at a local hospital, planning is used throughout every aspect of the organization. We use planning through patient check-in and check-out, how to get the patients to come to the hospital, the procedures that the doctors perform, the jobs of the nursing staff, and how each employee does their job. The planning behind how patients are checked in and out is planned in a way that all new employees are trained and how they are trained on these new programs. Planning in how to get the patients to come to the hospital is through the reputation that was built through the years and how well developed the organization has developed over the years. Planning in how the doctors perform their procedures on their patients.
The way that planning is done through doctors procedures is through how they were taught when they attended college and then the education they received in order to work at the hospital. The nurses' jobs are also planned because the nurses have specific jobs that they need to do before the doctors even go into the see the patients. Planning is used through all of the hospital each day in the way that each job is performed. Planning is helpful because it allows for every employee to know what they are supposed to do everyday and what their job title means.
The second function of management is organizing. Organizing is "assembling and coordinating the human, financial, physical, informational, and other resources needed to achieve goals." Organizing is used a lot in my particular job as a front desk person because I need to organize all of my paperwork and other materials so that I know what is needed for each patient that comes into the office. As my job at the front desk, I need to check patients in, know what forms need to be signed or filled out, and if what needs to go into their charts. By me organizing all of the paperwork it allows me to know better what each patient needs to do when they come in for their appointments.
By organizing I can look at the face sheet with all of the patients' information on it and know exactly what they need to sign. The face sheets allow me to write on the paper if I need to copy insurance cards, if the patient needs a referral, if there is a co-pay to be collected, their address, phone number, place of employment, etc. All of this organizing helps in the planning of what needs to be and will be done for the day. The third function of management is leading. Leading is "stimulating people to be high performers." Leading is basically achieving goals individually and through team work.
Leading is used in my place of work through the work that is given to me and my co-workers. My co-workers and I share the responsibilities of checking in patients and checking them out, and all of the other work done on the front end. Individually, my co-worker and I do our own things also, like I do the billing part of the work and my co-worker takes care of prepping the charts and getting referrals. The fourth and final function of management is controlling. "Controlling monitors the progress and implements necessary changes." The controlling function makes sure that all of the goals for the company or organization are met. Controlling is mostly done by my boss who tells me and my co-workers what needs to be done or changed in the way that we do things.
Sometime papers come back from billing with missing information, which is returned to me to get the information placed in these missing spots. All of the functions of management are used throughout all different types of businesses and organizations throughout the world. Many businesses use all of these functions together and many use these functions separately but together. My place of work uses all of these functions together and allow for all of its employees to use all of these functions in any part of their jobs or in other places or positions of the workplace.