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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Responses To Persecution - 1931 words
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.. God's morality: 'Love your neighbour as yourself'(4).. 'Justice, justice shall you pursue (5)..' 'Do not afflict the widow and the orphan (6)..' 'Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore (7)..'To Jews being chosen means you are different. The laws are different, the ways are different, the history is different. Being chosen means holding fast to that message through all the peaks and declines of history, for all the generations.
It means living for the truth of that message and dying for the truth of that message means. It means holding themselves to a higher standard - in the way we think, the way speak, the way we act, the way we dress, the way we eat.It means honouring their Creator in the way they conduct ourselves in public as well as in the privacy of their homes. In the way they raise their children and take care of their old. In the laws they live by and the values they are trying to impart to the people - and nations - around them.Anti-Semitism was born with the birth of the Jewish people. After all, it can be exceedingly irritating to be faced with the voice of human conscience when you yourself have other plans and desires
It is one of the not-so-subtle ironies of the Hebrew language that the word Sinai is closely linked to the word for 'hatred' - 'sina'.But the essence of anti-Semitism runs much deeper than simply the Jews and their morality standing in the way of the conqueror's ambition or of mankind's propensity for lust. Anti-Semitism is part of the Jewish destiny. It is part and parcel of their covenant with God. It is the one mechanism in ever human that never lets us forget who the Jews are, never lets us forget they different, never lets us forget they have a message to bring to mankind.One of the high points of the Passover Seder joyfully testifies to this unique phenomenon of history. With a glass of wine raised high, they declare that in every generation the nations of the world will rise up against them, to try to wipe them out and destroy the message they bear. The Jewish people are eternal, and our message is eternal l(8).
When the Jewish people live up to its potential as a light unto the nations, the moral fabric of the entire world is improved.(9) The nations of the world will see the beauty of Jewish values and will praise them and want to praise their ways.(10)At such times, anti-Semitism may still rear its ugly head, but no power in the world will be able to harm the Jewish community, we are too weary of ourselves to let this happen.But if that does not happen, then the moral fabric of the world quickly sinks into decay. And then it is only a matter of time before the Jews are seen as little more than an irritating reminder of an old-fashioned, restrictive morality, an enemy of the 'new world order' that wants nothing to do with the Chosen People and their God.Such times are times of national tragedy indeed. In place of the miraculous protection that once graced the Jewish people, they are left vulnerable to the cruellest whims of humanity. Hunted down, persecuted, put to death in the millions simply because they are Jews.Such times are times of great suffering, but not of suffering in vain. The nature of their covenant means that even when they are subjected to the unimaginable cruelty of a Holocaust, the message remains the same: There must be a better way. Mankind must be taught to rise above his baser instincts.
In that way, the suffering itself becomes the source of the Jewish message to the world.Where was God during the Holocaust? The Jewish people, believe that God was right there - pleading with us to pay attention, never letting us forget how much work remains to be done in this world.After the Holocaust, is there a Jew on earth who would choose to be born a Nazi instead of a Jew? After the Holocaust, is there a Jew on earth who does not see the need for a nation of teachers? Who else will help mankind rise above its potential for such cruelty if not the Jews?More than anything else, the Holocaust was a clarion call to the Jewish people: Remember your covenant, be a light unto the nations. Show the world what it means to be given the gift of life, what it means to be created in the image of God, what it means to live according to the values of justice and mercy, what it means to be a nation dedicated to those goals, and that is what I feel the holocaust stands for. The book "Civilization and Its Discontents" was first published in 1930, while Freud resided in Vienna, Austria. Undoubtedly, Freud was aware of the happenings in the world political arena, particularly the events that were transpiring in neighbouring Germany. More specifically, he was in a position to view the beginning of Hitler's rise to power.
It is interesting to note that Vienna of the early twentieth century where Hitler and Freud lived was under the control of a mayor who was a severe Anti-Semite, who was eventually barred from running for office by the Pope. For Freud, the greatest struggle in life was the struggle between life and death. He attributed this struggle to the societal demands placed on the individual and the individuals own instinct. According to Freud, the individual was almost certain to conform to the societal conventions through a sense of guilt. In fact, Freud himself wrote that in writing this work it was his "intention to represent the sense of guilt as the most important problem in the development of civilization" (Freud 85).
This sense of guilt held a very high place in the development of the individual, eventually resulting in the development of a destructive instinct. The main argument in Civilization and Its Discontent, according to ChristopherBadcock, the author of Essential Freud, is that "the id is basically anti-social and only civilized by the interventions of the ego" (137).Essentially what this means is that the individual in society is unsocial, but because of the presence of the ego, the individual is forced to become sociable. This conflict between the id and the ego results in the destruction of the individual and ultimately civilization. Another area that Freud approached in his work was the issue of religion. In terms of religion, Freud quoted Goethe in saying, "He who possesses science and art also has religion, but he who possesses neither of the two, let him have religion!" (Freud 23).
This saying, on one side " draws an antithesis between religion and the two highest achievements of man," and on the other hand, "asserts that, as regards their value in life, those achievements and religion can represent or replace each other" (23).For Freud, man can have either science and art with an understanding of religion or have neither an understanding of science or art, but still have religion. Therefore, religion represents both one of the greatest intellectual properties of man and the most basic form of distraction for mankind. The need for this distraction arises from the difficulties of life. As Freud noted, "Life as we find it, is to hard for us; it brings us too many pains, disappointments and impossible tasks" and that to make life easier individuals use "palliative measures" (23). Freud labelled three of these measures. They were, first, "powerful deflections, which included scientific activity," second, "substitutive satisfactions, which included art," and finally, "intoxicating substances, such as alcohol, which makes us insensitive to life" (23).
These measures are helpful in understanding both the actions of the individual in society and how the individual deals with the everyday struggle between the pressures of society and individualinstinct. By understanding Freud's theories concerning the conflict between individual instinct and societal pressures, it is possible to define the struggle that the Jews faced in Nazi Germany and Europe. Hitler's rise to power and his ensuing reign of terror coincided with the worst worldwide economic depression in history. The effects that the Great Depression had on the people can be used in understanding the German peoples support of Hitler. Hitler offered the people a sense of hope during their worst despair. Moreover, he offered them a scapegoat.
This scapegoat was easily found in the Jewish people, for they had been the subjects of oppression since the crucifixion of Christ. Despite the advancements that the Jewish people had made throughout the centuries, they could not extinguish the sense of guilt that was laid upon them by Christians for the death of Jesus Christ. By the time Hitler came to power, he was able to use the fears of the people to create his form of government and re-writ the history of Europe. On June 12, 1942, Anne Frank's parents gave her a small red-and-white plaid diary for her thirteenth birthday. Anne recorded her innermost feelings in her diary, which she named 'Kitty.' Less than a month after receiving her diary, on July 6, 1942, Anne and her family were forced to go into hiding.
Though they could bring very few things with them to the hiding place, Anne brought her diary. During the months Anne lived in hiding, her diary became her best friend and confidant In hiding, Anne continued to write in her diary nearly every day. She wrote about her life with the seven other people in hiding--her parents, her sister, the van Pels family (called the van Daan family by Anne), and Fritz Pfeffer (called Alfred Dussel by Anne), as well as the war going on around her, and her hopes for the future. When she filled up her original diary, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, two of the family's helpers, brought her ledgers and loose sheets of paper to continue writing. She kept these in a briefcase that belonged to her father.
In 1944, the Dutch government, which had been in exile in London for most of the occupation, broadcast a request over the radio for people to save their wartime diaries. Anne Frank then began to rewrite her diary with the intention of having it published after the war. On August 4,1944, the Nazis raided the Secret Annex and arrested the residents. They emptied Otto Frank's briefcase onto the floor, including Anne's diary, in order to carry the family's valuables. After the residents were taken away, Miep and Bep went to the Annex, and attempted to salvage all that they could.
They found Anne's papers, as well as other personal belongings of the residents, which they took away for "safe-keeping". Miep put Anne's diary in her desk drawer, to await Anne's return. Anne Frank did not survive the Holocaust. Her father, Otto Frank, returned to Amsterdam after the war ended, the sole survivor among those who had hid in the Secret Annex. When he found out that Anne had died in Bergen-Belsen, Miep Gies gave him Anne's diary, which she had hidden for almost a year.
I think Anne Frank wrote the diary to express how she felt in this situation and to show what was actually happening to the people at this time and I feel her father published her diary, so that no one would forget what happened to his daughter and the Jews on that day.Sources used:1. Sanhedrin: 37a 2. Exodus: 19:6 3. Isaiah 42:6 4. Leviticus 19:18 5. Deuteronomy 16:20 6. Exodus 22:21 7.
Isaiah 2:4 8. Hagadah 9. Mesilias, Yesharim, pg. 21,10. Deuteronomy 4:6; 33:9.
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