RED 1. Chloroplasts are small containers, which hold chlorophyll. 2. Endo symbiosis is the hypothesis which states that mitochondria started as bacteria absorbed by single celled organisms. 3. The cell theory is a theory that tells of information known about cells.
4. When reproducing, to create offspring you must pass on your own DNA. 5. Gamete is the reproductive cell, which contains half the chromosomes to create life. 6. Cytokinesis is the process of cell division, which splits the cytoplasm.
7. Meiosis is the process of cell division, which splits the nucleus. 8. Mitosis is the process of cell division, which splits the cell membrane. 9.
Diffusion is the movement of molecules across a membrane. 10. Osmosis is the diffusion of water across a membrane. BLUE 1. The macromolecules are the essential four needed to sustain life. 2.
One of the macromolecules is lipid. 3. One of the macromolecules is nucleic acid. 4. One of the macromolecules is amino acid. 5.
One of the macromolecules is carbohydrate. 6. Carbohydrates are composed of sugars. 7.
One kind of sugar is monosaccharide. 8. One kind of monosaccharide is glucose, or blood sugar. 9.
One kind of sugar is disaccharide. 10. One kind of sugar is polysaccharide. 11.
One kind of polysaccharide is starch. 12. All life is composed of the basic chemicals called elements. 13. An important element is oxygen. 14.
A very common gaseous element is nitrogen. 15. Oxygen and nitrogen are commonly found in the atmosphere. 16. Oxygen is used with carbon in carbon dioxide.
17. Oxygen coupled with hydrogen makes water. 18. Water is a polar molecule. 19. Being a polar molecule, water is a good solvent.
20. Salt is a common solute, or particle to mix with a solvent. 21. The solute is the molecule dissolved into the solution. 22. The solvent is the liquid part of the solution.
23. The solvent + the solute makes a solution. 24. The pH scale is a way to measure the amount of acid in water. 25.
Bases are the opposite of acids. 26. Anaerobic and aerobic are kinds of reactions. Anaerobic uses no oxygen. Aerobic uses oxygen. 27.
One of the properties of life is metabolism. 28. One of the properties of life is heredity. 29.
One of the properties of life is reproduction 30. One of the properties of life is homeostasis. 31. One of the properties of life is evolutionary adaptation. 32. One of the properties of life is response to the environment.
33. One of the properties of life is cell organization. 34. The smallest piece of cell organization is the electron.
35. Electrons make up atoms. 36. Atoms make up molecules. 37.
Molecules make up organelles. 38. Organelles make up cells. 39. Cells make up tissue. 40.
Tissue makes up organs. 41. Organs make up organisms. 42. Some organisms are autotrophs.
43. Some organisms are heterotroph's. 44. All organisms are classified in a kingdom.
45. One of the kingdoms contains bacteria. 46. One of the kingdoms contains archer. 47. One of the kingdoms contains plants.
48. One of the kingdoms contains protests. 49. Organisms make up the population. 50. Populations who communicate with each other are called communities.
51. Communities make up a biome. 52. Biomes make up biospheres.
53. Biospheres make up ecosystems. 54. When using energy carbon dioxide is sometimes made as a byproduct, then carbon is stored in coal. 55. Carbon is also stored in limestone.
56. Coal and limestone are two forms of storing carbon. 57. Photosynthesis is the process plants use to change sunlight into food and stor able energy.
58. Chlorophyll is the chemical that plants use to change sunlight to food. 59. The light reaction of photosynthesis uses light, water, and carbon dioxide to make food.
60. Chlorophyll makes the light reaction possible by trapping light energy. 61. The dark reaction of photosynthesis is the part that doesn't use light, but food, to make energy to grow. 62. The light reaction and dark reaction make up photosynthesis.
63. ATP is a stor able form of energy that organisms use to power themselves. 64. The first step in cellular respiration, which makes energy, is glycolysis.
65. The process of glycolysis makes acid. 66. Glycolysis makes two ATP per hydrogen atom. 67. The second step of cellular respiration, which makes energy, is the Krebs cycle.
68. The Krebs cycle makes ATP. 69. The third step of cellular respiration, which makes energy, is the electron transport chain.