Special Assignment Nutrition Define Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis, and explain habits that increase a person's risk of developing osteoporosis. Type 1 osteoporosis is characterized as post menopausal. Women who are approaching the age of menopause should seriously consider consulting a physician to prepare for the changes her body is about to go through. As estrogen levels taper off, the kidneys start to draw calcium the body needs for normal maintenance of the skeletal frame from the bones, which in turn results in a loss of trabecular calcium. Risks involved with such events include sudden breaks, the vertebrae may begin to disintegrate, teeth may begin to loosen, and fall out. Type 2 osteoporosis is known to happen with age.

Although not directly related to hormones like Type 1, Type 2 also results in damage to the skeletal frame. Along with losses of trabecular goes cortical calcium, vertebrae compress cause the spine to form a wedged shape, and hips are often know to break. There are several habits of a lifestyle which contribute to the on set osteoporosis. Smoking cigarettes effects estrogen and calcium absorption resulting in lowered calcium levels. Maintaining a proper diet that includes plenty of vitamins (A, K, D, & C) and essentials minerals (phosphorous, fluoride, magnesium, and zinc) is a catch all remedy to fight against osteoporosis. Explain why women are more at risk of developing each type of osteoporosis.

Women are more at risk to developing either osteoporosis due to the activity of estrogen in their bodies. Estrogen helps in calcium synthesis and fights against bone destroying osteoclasts cells. Women who have an irregular menstrual cycle or are post menopausal are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. 3 b. Explain what changes in lifestyle you would recommend to your (choose one and circle your choice: mother, sister, wife, girlfriend, friend), to help her reduce her risk of developing osteoporosis. The best way for any woman to fend against osteoporosis are; maintain a diet of adequate nutrition (Vitamins A, D, K & C), calcium, phosphorous, fluoride, magnesium and zinc.

Maintaining a healthy weight, getting proper exercise to include weight baring activities will help keep with bone density. If she smokes, STOP. Avoiding diuretics such as alcohol, caffeine, sodium, or consuming too much protein all contribute to loss of bone density. When women are approaching the age of menopause they should consult a physician about maybe receiving some form of hormone therapy to delay the reactions of calcium losses.