A social order. A person's beliefs and values that allow them to make the choices that to have the type of government they want. My social order- one of an African-American, 17-year-old, low middle-class female-will differ widely from my mother's, or Shemair's, or even your social order. For instance, I strongly value education.
So does my mother, Shemair, and I am sure you do, too. My mother might value my education because it will help her later on in life. Shemair might value my education because it means that we will be able to move out after graduation. You as my teacher, will value my education because it proves that your education was good and your life as a teacher is worthwhile. I value my education for the sake of getting knowledge. Everyone might have the same value and yet they will have different reasons for valuing it.
The same is true of our political values. People might want a strong government because of the type of social order that they hold. The government maintains my personal and political social order. The government allows me to vote for people who have the same purposes as I do.
Representatives who fall into my political social order are the ones who will get my vote as I get older. For instance - the issue of abortion. Iam strongly against abortion for any reason at any time. When it comes time to vote for people to be a part of my state government, I am going to choose someone who believes that killing at any stage in life is immoral. This way, through elections, I will have the ability to participate in the government. I will have someone who protects individual rights, thus maintaining my social order, and keep the government holding the same ideas as me.
The principle of our democratic government will allow me to express my individualism. My personal liberty will be established because the government protects our interacting values that we hold. Another value that we have is the idea of equality of opportunity. This fact is evident in the decision to have affirmative action used in places such as colleges, universities, and jobs. I believe 100% that affirmative action is good and justifiable. I will vote for someone who pushes for affirmative action in the state of Florida.
My social order clearly shows that I want someone who favors post-secondary education, especially for minorities. Also, the idea of majority rule will be upheld in all of the elections that we hold. This way I can have free expression in my personal life, as well as in the political arena. The reason why I will be protected is that our government says that all elections are to be free and fair.
Structures of Democracy Another important idea is having certain limits on our government. There are certain structures that a reestablished to control all three branches of government. The idea of federalism shows that the government's power is set up into two parts, the state and national government. There is the concept of separation of power, which states that each branch is given certain powers: the legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch applies the laws, and the judiciary branch interprets the laws. Also, the idea of checks and balances were set up to allow one branch of the government the power to set up limitations on the other branches.
Another way that the government is controlled is by means of limited government. The power of our government right now is not absolute. This is a protection that is set up in the Constitution to ensure that the government does not get too powerful. A few more important changes that need to be noted are the amendments to the Constitution. These Amendments have helped to extend civil liberties, These amendments show what the power of judicial review has done for everyone in the country, and not just for the people involved. The first, and most important one (at least to me), is Amendment # 13, which abolished slavery.
If this amendment was not established, I would probably be someone's mistress or cooking someone's dinner rather than learning about how and why slavery was abolished. Next is Amendment # 19, which gave women the right to vote. Even though black men were given the right to vote in 1870, if this amendment wasn't passed in 1920, I still wouldn't have a voice in governmental affairs. The last amendment that has helped not only me, but also all of your classes is Amendment # 26, which gave 18-year-olds the right to vote in 1971. Even though I won't be able to vote until next year, I know I will have the opportunity to have real participation in our government. Institutions of our government Three different branches of government all do the something.
OR do they? By exploring each branch, we can how the executive branch (the President) maintains domestic tranquility, how the judicial branch (the Supreme Court) extends civil liberties, and how the legislative branch (Congress) protects individual rights. The executive branch's main job is listed in the Constitution. Some of his jobs include: Head of State, Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, he can appoint Ambassadors, he can nominate judges to the Supreme Court, and he can fill empty Senate seats. Some decisions that Presidents make are inherent powers that the Constitution gives them. Thomas Jefferson, who was elected by the people, acquired land, even though that was not a specific power listed in the Constitution. Abraham Lincoln jailed supporters of the South during the Civil War to preserve the Union.
Franklin Roosevelt made many economic changes during the Great Depression. All of these Presidents had political participation, which is still important to this day and age. The President has to do things that are good for this country as well as the world. I fhe doesn't, he will be removed from office and someone who can meet the people's needs will take his place. The Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court.
Most judges are inclined to respect the President and Congress' views and authority. However, they also look at society and see how society will feel about a case or decision that they will make. This way, there is indirect participation, but our social order as a nation is still very important. The legislative branch is made up of Congress.
Congress has the job of impeachment and deciding if laws are going to go into effect. When the members of Congress are told about an upcoming impeachment trial, they will get their PAC groups to find out how the people in their states feel. Then most will vote based on that. Also, if a law is presented to Congress about an issue that the nation wants or generally agrees on, then Congress will probably vote for the bill to become a law.
The reason why is because their social order causes them to worry about being re-elected. We can look at everything in our government that is effected by us, and realized that our social order affects the political participation that we are involved in. There is maintenance and protection of our social order because we have our institutions set up to make sure we have what we want in our democratic society. Everyone's social order is different, but that's what makes the United States so unique!