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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Cuban Revolution - 412 words
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The makeup of Cuba in the late nineteenth century is much the same as it is today. Nearly 66% of thepopulation are white and of Spanish descent. About 22% are of mixed racial heritage, and 12% of thepopulace is black. Cuba lies to the south of the United States, and is most easily accessible by boatfrom the Florida region. It is this naval quality that encompasses the island. During the Ten Years War, between 1868-1878, the Cubans fought against Spanish rule in theircountry. Rebellion broke out around the island, and the rebels joined under a united leader, Carlos deCespedes, a wealthy planter, who proclaimed independence from Spain.
Nearly 200,000 lives werelost, until the Treaty of El Zanjun was signed. This agreement promised the government would reformand abolish slavery and the tyrannical rule it held over the Cubans. The treaty was not honoredhowever, and resistance was again put up in 1885.The Spanish king at the time Alfonso XIII, encouraged the use of concentration camps forrevolutionaries caught in battle. The Cuban Revolution became extremely bloody due to the use ofGuerrilla warfare. This military operation, conducted on its home terrain, consisted of inhabitants fedup with oppressive rule
The men involved operated from bases located deep in the jungle, denseforests, and high rocky elevations. Guerrillas depended on natives for food, shelter, and usefulinformation. While striking swiftly was a must, the bands of men were specialized in the undetectedraiding of enemy camps. They could ambush a patrol, kill the soldiers, and supply their entire companyin a matter of hours. Cutting communication between enemy lines became a prime target, once severedfrom the army, a battalion could be attacked, disarmed, and their reserves used for the revolutionaries. It was the unfortunate, destitute populace that rebelled. Having little to lose they could fight on hometurf and soon, much to there delight had help from the United States.
While in port in Havana onFebruary 15, 1898 the U.S. Battleship Maine was sunk by a large explosion. The Americans declaredwar on Spain immediately, attacking all Spanish naval vessels in the area, marking the beginning of theSpanish-American War. Finally on July 18, 1898, George Dewey, a U.S. naval officer commanded thefleet that destroyed Spanish vessels in Manila. Upon being defeated once again, Spain surrendered,giving up Cuba and the Philippines as free countries.
Therefore with the help of the United States, andthere own fighting rebellion within the country the inhabitants of Cuba gained freedom from Spanishdictatorship, becoming the Cuban Republic in 1901 and electing Tomas Estrada Palma as president in1902.
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