Compelling research over the last several years demonstrates that the first years of life are more important than had been thought for children's emotional and intellectual development. This research significantly increases the urgency of addressing one of the most important risk factors that can impede young children's development: poverty. Unfortunately, almost one in five young children (18 percent in 2000) in the United States lives in poverty during the early years that are so important to future life chances. The 2. 1 million children under age three who are poor face a greater likelihood of impaired development because of their increased exposure to a number of factors associated with poverty. These risk factors include: inadequate nutrition environmental toxins diminished interaction due to maternal depression trauma and abuse lower quality child care parental substance abuse ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffsssssssssfsdsdsdasdasdsadasdasddddddddddddddddddddd fffffffffffff ssssssssssss ffffffffffffff hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh Compelling research over the last several years demonstrates that the first years of life are more important than had been thought for children's emotional and intellectual development.

This research significantly increases the urgency of addressing one of the most important risk factors that can impede young children's development: poverty. Unfortunately, almost one in five young children (18 percent in 2000) in the United States lives in poverty during the early years that are so important to future life chances. The 2. 1 million children under age three who are poor face a greater likelihood of impaired development because of their increased exposure to a number of factors associated with poverty. These risk factors include: inadequate nutrition environmental toxins diminished interaction due to maternal depression trauma and abuse lower quality child care parental substance abuse.