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Sample essay topic, essay writing: The Kgb - 1379 words
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The KGB Throughout the years most country's governments have established some sort of secret police. No matter what the government called it, whether it is the United States' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) or her Majesty's secret service (MI6), whatever name the government used, the international term of 'secret police' could always be applied. Many agencies of secret police have had their success and failures, some more than others. The KGB, which in English means 'the Committee of Public Safety,' has had their share of both successes and failures. Most secret police agencies have been used primarily to obtain information from other countries.
This was also a primary goal for the KGB, but one of their other goals, which was just as important, was to keep unwanted outside information from the Russian people. This was only one out of many the KGB's objectives. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to prove that the actions of the KGB were, all in all, a success. The currently named KGB was founded by Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky in 1917 under the name of the 'Cheka.' This Cheka was the name of Russia's first secret police after the rule of the Tsar's. The full name of these secret police was 'All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counterrevolution, Sabotage and Speculation' (Deriabin, KGB: Masters of the Soviet Union XI)
The Cheka would eventually evolve into the KGB in 1954. However, between the years of 1917 and 1954 the KGB was given a variety of different names. Next in line, after the Cheka, was the OGPU. This lasted from 1926 to 1934 and was headed by Vyacheslav Rudolfovich Menzhinsky. In 1934 it became the NKVD which lasted until 1941 when it was named the NKGB. The NKGB only lasted seven months until it was renamed has the NKVD and it kept that name for another two years.
Through the years of 1943 and 1954 it was called the MGB until it finally adopted its final name, the KGB, which has laster to this day since 1954. No matter what the name given to it, or the year the name was given, the KGB was still the same thing once one got down to the hardcore facts. The Cheka came to be in 1917 after the 'Glorious October Revolution.' In April of 1918 it was positive made certain that the power seized from the Tsar was to be kept by Lenin. So then Lenin laid out 'real' objectives on paper. He titled the paper, 'Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government.' This paper purpose was to convince people to support the Bolshevik (Communist) program, to suppress resistance, and to organize the administration. Lenin then proceeded to accomplish what he had written in his paper.
To convince people that his ideas and communism would work, he started spreading spectacular propaganda about himself. While spreading this idea to the people, he hid all contrary information which may have revealed his true intentions. However, by the time the peasants discovered what was happening it was too late. The next thing on his list was to suppress resistance. The KGB was used extensively in this task. Lenin attacked any part of society that was not under his direct command.
That included ethnic nationalists, clergy, farmers, and socialist rivals. The KGB was used to interrogate these people. After interrogation they would then go on to shoot them, they sent the ones who were not shot to prison camps. Lenin did not want anything or anyone to stand in his way. Lenin's third objective was to 'organize the administration,' this was by far the hardest objective to complete. Members of the KGB were sent into all branches of Soviet Government to ensure control.
Lenins coup d'etat was now complete, due to precise planning and a swift execution. Now the people will begin to see what this great man, Lenin, was all about. During the execution of Lenin's plans, the KGB was used to suppress uprisings. These uprisings were led by rebel towns and cities in which the citizens became very strong. So strong that not even armed Soviet forces and tanks could control them. Because of this the KGB made the decision to arm a large group of their members and make them into a special troops force.
This group of KGB special forces were called the VV. The VV was sent into these towns and 'drowned the cities in their own blood' (Deriabin 10). In one case the citizens of a city called Kuybyshev were complaining about overcrowding, economic problems, and poor living conditions. The citizens, after having their complaints ignored, began to loot the KGB officer's houses and threw stones at the city's political headquarters and other political buildings. Soviet army forces could not be trusted to fight them (11).
Therefore, KGB special forces were deployed. They chased the citizens out of the city until they were forced to retreat into a housing settlement. It was here that the VV bombarded the houses with mortars and gun fire. Any survivors from the massacre ran to the hills where the KGB special forces pursued and annihilated almost every citizen left. The people who were not killed were sent to concentration camps. As this situation demonstrates, the KGB had no tolerance for uprising, and this has become one of their strongest attributes.
These Secret forces (the VV) were started by the KGB almost immediately after they were started. They were a group of special forces separate from the Soviet army. The Soviet army was used in external affairs while the VV was used extensively for internal affairs. The VV did not try to hide their members, they wore their elite uniforms in public. The only thing that was secret about the VV was their work and their numbers.
They were used to disband protests, defame kulaks, religious fanatics, and fascist collaborators. Their 'official' mission was said to be to, 'secure Soviet power inside the country.' However Russian citizens recognize them as their enemies and would stay as far away as possible from them. As of now it seems that the KGB has done well and has been successful in their missions. The way they handle the situations may not have been right, but they handled it nonetheless. The KGB got the job done, no matter what the task was that lay before them.
Given such a broad mission, they did just about everything. The KGB would help govern the country. They would help to create and execute both domestic and foreign policy. They basically controlled which political parties came into power and which did not. They would do this by deciding who got security clearances and who did not. In fact, 'to help govern', would be an understatement, the KGB was practically was the government.
Another thing that was already mentioned in this paper was the elimination of internal resistance. The KGB never stopped harassing and destroying any groups outside of the direct control of their party. The KGB would also protect their leaders. They would accomplish this task by taking care of their food and health. The KGB also made sure that armed forces' weapons could not be used against them and they also handled their communications, internationally and with other leaders.
The KGB would also help make the economy run. They would make sure that sufficient people were hired for offices which controlled the money. They also made use of their elite VV. They were used in putting an end on attempts to destroy Russia's economic system. Using their internal troops to put down strikes.
They would then send the people who striked to corrective labor camps. This was harsh, yet a successful completion of a mission. The KGB also used to investigate crimes. They dominated the police and other administrations of justice. The procurators offices were in charge of smaller criminal cases, while the KGB handled more important crimes. Such as ones involving foreigners or anti-soviet propaganda.
Even after the criminals were sentenced they did not leave the hands of the KGB, they would oversee their punishment. KGB officers controlled prison camps and correctional facilities. They were not just in charge of prison like punishments. The KGB also delivered threats and assaults to people who they felt needed to be punished. In extreme cases they would give the person an illness ...
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