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Sample essay topic, essay writing: The Kgb - 1375 words
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.. or even death. If they wanted information from the criminal then they tortured him, it was as simple as that. The KGB is also in charge of performing tasks of extreme secrecy. For example, they would discredit political opponents with propaganda and they would possibly try to frame them for a crime.
In one case the KGB was assigned to keep an underground tunnel project low profile. These tunnels were being built for protection during times of war, and a project as big as this was especially hard to keep a secret because of the vast expansion of it. Some other tasks that were completed by the KGB were that of those necessary for keeping Soviet rule in power in Russia. However, that was quite easy for the KGB. They almost had to do nothing, the shear fear that radiated from the initials KGB was all that was needed to keep people in line. Their history was a constant reminder of what they could do. One person wrote, 'I feel a vague anxiety, uncertainty, and even fear whenever I pass by the building that houses the KGB.' (144)
The citizens almost had no choice but to abide by Soviet rule, some tortures that were executed by mostly younger officers, in their teens, had leaked out to the public. 'In some cases the skin was peeled off of the victims' hands to produce gloves made of human skin; in Voronezh naked prisoners were rolled around in wooden barrels studded with nails; in Polava priests were impaled; in Odessa, captured White officers were tied to planks and slowly fed into furnaces; in Kiev cages of rats were fixed to prisoners' bodies and heated until the rats gnawed their way into the victims' intestines' (Andrew. The Sword and the Shield. 29).These acts of sadism, which means to experience sexual gratitude from anothers suffering, were very inhumane, even for the KGB. It is also said that Lenin even did not approve of such tortures and asked for it to be stopped immediately. During this internal war, the KGB saw it necessary to identify the enemy. They sought out not to exterminate mere individuals, they wanted to destroy their entire class.
As soon as the KGB found a certain man that they recognized as a threat they would collect all of his background information. They would classify him by his origins, his education, profession, and whatever other questions about him that they thought necessary to have the answer to. Some of the classes that they labeled people with terms such as bourgeois, Kulak, bourgeois nationalist, and religious fanatic. The Soviets called this system 'social prophylaxis.'; it was described as 'a system to forestall the occurrence of particularly dangerous crimes against the state as well as politically harmful antisocial acts of Soviet citizens.'(Deriabin. KGB: Masters of the Soviet Union.
202). They would label citizens who fought back against party police violence 'terrorists', individuals who had committed a number of sins were labeled 'hooligans' or 'parasites.' Basically anyone who was not complying completely with Soviet rule was labeled as an 'anti-soviet.' This system of labeling enemies was extremely efficient and greatly increased the KGB's success in eliminating and threats, both domestic and foreign. In fact this system was so successful that they annihilated the bourgeoise and the Kulaks. However, a new bourgeoise and new group of peasants rose in their place soon after the original groups were destroyed. These groups were also systematically destroyed as their fore fathers were, they were sent to death camps and prison camps, mostly for the rest of their lives.
Those who the KGB did not kill or send to prison camps were constantly harassed and threatened. Some were denied education and travel to foreign countries, and they were not allowed to be promoted to higher offices. Another technique that the KGB excelled at was the art of blackmailing. This was especially helpful in 'recruiting' high ranking people within other government agencies. In some cases all it took was money to persuade the person to become an agent for the KGB, in other cases it took much more than money.
For example, the FBI was headed by J. Edgar Hoover who was, in fact, a homosexual. In some cases, Hoover would place men who performed certain sexual favors for him in high positions. The KGB, as smart as they were, could have known about these things taking place and would then most likely be able to place hidden cameras in the rooms where these favors were being performed. They would then be able to show these pictures to the man who engaged in sexual actions with Hoover.
They would then have the ability to blackmail the man for certain information they needed. This may have been a sick and twisted approach for the KGB, but it was successful nonetheless. In one real life case a homosexual clerk from the British embassy in Moscow was lured to a party by the KGB. There he was caught on camera enjoying sexual intercourse with a variety of men. After being shown the pictures he was blackmailed for information for the next seven years handing over thousands of classified documents to the KGB.
The clerk eventually transferred to another department and was never bothered by the KGB again. This type of blackmail was used many times in recruiting agents and were extraordinarily helpful in collecting a variety of top secret information from many government agencies. The purpose of this paper was to prove that the actions of the KGB were, all in all, a success. The way the KGB dealt with many of their problems would be considered extremely harsh by most peoples standards. The KGB officers may have also been immoral, but they accomplished their goal.
The KGB also used mechanisms of control, some of these mechanisms were 'self-censorship and keeping information out' (Deriabin. 274 and 280). These mechanisms the less violent methods of preserving Soviet rule in Russia. However, the KGB felt that more was needed to make sure that Soviet rule would ultimately prevail. This is where the KGB thought that violence would make their point clear. The KGB was right, they made their point more than understood with their violent, cruel, and inhumane methods.
It eventually came to the point where the KGB did not have to do much to keep the citizens under control. Their history of extreme methods was all too well known, and it became common knowledge to every Soviet citizen that it would be most unwise to go against the KGB. Any citizen that was even suspected of being an anti-soviet was at the least interrogated. In most cases the lives of the convicted and their family was threatened. If any evidence of anti-soviet propaganda was found on a person or in their home then they could be sent to a prison camps.
The KGB no matter what the mission was that lay before them or what great task they were assigned to complete, they got the job done. They would go to any lengths to accomplish the task at hand, no matter how immoral and cruel it might have seemed. This is what made the KGB such a successful agency and is also why they seldom failed.BibliographyAndrew Christopher and Mitrokhin, Vasali. The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. New York, NY.
Basic Books. 1999.Bledowska, Celina and Bloch, Jonathan. KGB/CIA. New York, NY. Bison Books Corp. 1987.Channon, John.
Historical Atlas of Russia. London, United Kingdom. Penguin Publishing. 1995.Donnelly, Christopher and Erickson, John. Russian Military Power.
New York, NY. Salamander Books. 1980.Deriabin, Peter. KGB: Masters of the Soviet Union. New York, NY. Hippocrene Books.
1990.Harkavy, Michael D. Websters International Encyclopedia. Richmond Hill, Ontario. Trident Press International. 1991.Knight, Amy W. The KGB: Police and Politics in the Soviet Union. Winchester, MA.
Unwin Hyman Inc. 1988.Pincus, Walter. Russian Spies On Rise. [online] available at http://www.matn.uvt.ro/be/archive/newspapers/wp200 999.html. September 21, 1999 Works CitedAndrew Christopher and Mitrokhin, Vasali. The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB.
New York, NY. Basic Books. 1999.Deriabin, Peter. KGB: Masters of the Soviet Union. New York, NY. Hippocrene Books.
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