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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Abortion - 1858 words
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Abortion: A Basic RightThe abortion controversy has been debated for years. The presidential election this year has become very involved with this topic. On one side, John F. Kerry, along with third party candidate Ralph Nader, the pro-choice supporters, sees individual choice as central to the debate: If a woman cannot choose to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, a condition which affects her body and possibly her entire life, then she has lost one of her most basic human rights. However, George Bush feels the complete opposite. He thinks having an abortion is unethical and unjust. I agree with Kerry.
The government has no right to interfere with a mother's decision and trying to deny abortion to any woman is denying that mother's civil rights.In order to form an opinion on this matter, it is important that one understands many of the common factors, which are constantly debated. When does human life begin? There is a societal agreement that a newborn is a human person. People disagree about whether a zygote, embryo, or fetus is a person. People have different opinions about the stage at which human life begins. This is the core disagreement that drives the abortion wars
Bush argues, "I believe banning partial-birth abortion would be a positive step toward reducing the number of abortions in America. This is an issue that's going to require a new attitude. We've been battling over abortion for a long period of time. Surely this nation can come together to promote the value of life" (Bush). This opinion is based solely on an individual's moral point of view.
Decisions based on those ethical beliefs should not be made by the government. It should be up to the individuals. During conception life is created; however, even though it might be considered a living thing, is it a person? Whether or not abortion should be legal seeks the answer to the question of whether a fetus is a person and if so, at what point does the fetus become a person. This is a question that cannot be answered rationally or practically. "The concept of personhood is neither logical nor empirical: It is essentially a religious, or quasi-religious idea, based on one's fundamental (and therefore unverifiable) assumptions about the nature of the world"(Campos) In my opinion, to make a person a person there must be evidence of a personality. A personality is formed when a baby has entered the world.
It acts and reacts to situations put upon it and forms its opinions in that manner. It is only then that we can consider it a unique person with it's own personality. Someone could argue that an abortion is taking an unborn child's life, but what life are they talking about? To be alive, one must have experiences, which an unborn child simply does not have. A woman's rights outweigh those of an unborn child's. Society is constantly changing and although the Supreme Court shows sympathy and respect for traditional values, it also recognizes the need for change. The Supreme Court agrees with Kerry and other pro-choice supporters.
One such influential case involving abortion was Roe vs. Wade. It all started out in a small town in Texas where a woman under the alias Jane Roe filed a case in district court for a woman's right to choose abortion (Doudera 142). At this time, the law in Texas prohibited abortion. Eventually the case moved to the Supreme Court. The attorneys for Roe argued that the law was unfair.
They said that the unborn fetus is not a real person. Kerry's position is that the unborn child is not a person, according to the law. Though human, the unborn child is not protectable human life. That means Kerry adheres to and supports the decision made in Roe v. Wade (Cooney).
The Supreme Court pointed out that a woman should have the right to control her own life and body. The Supreme Court also argued that women have fundamental rights to abortion. It was a right of privacy and if a woman felt that the right choice was to abort a baby, they should be allowed to make it. The case, which was filed in District Court, was filed against Dallas District attorney Wade. Wade, who shares the same opinions as Bush, strongly opposed abortion and believed abortion was murder. According to the Fourteenth Amendment, a person has an undeniable right to freedom.
Wad tried to persuade the Supreme Court by stating that the fetus has a right to freedom guaranteed by this amendment. After hearing both sides of this case, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane Roe. It stated that women have a fundamental right to abortion. Due to this case and the ruling of it, all states have legalized abortion. Roe vs.
Wade has greatly influenced the world today. Furthermore, the pro-choice forces hoped they had proved the pro-life forces wrong by having had the Supreme Court of the United States decide in Roe vs. Wade that a fetus is not a person for purposes of the Fourteenth Amendment. Other organizations also agree with the decisions made by the Supreme Court and support a woman's rights to choice. Planned Parenthood, one such organization, helps defend those rights by voicing their opinion:Reproductive freedom-the fundamental right of every individual to decide freely and responsibly when and whether to have a child-is a reaffirmation of the principle of individual liberty cherished by most people worldwide. It helps ensure that children will be wanted and loved, that families will be strong and secure, and that choice rather than chance will guide the future of humanity (Planned Parenthood 1).Today's traditional family is different from the past generation's family and is still continuing to change. In society now, women can chose to have the family that they desire.
They can decide for themselves if they want an additional child or any child at all. The woman is expected to care and be responsible for the child for the next eighteen years of its life. If she does not feel she is adequate to care for it, or she knows she can't provide a good life for it, that is her decision not the laws. Only a mother can be the judge of her own ability. Being such a huge responsibility, who ever the parent may be has to be positive that they want to bring that child into this world.
It is tragic how many unwanted children are born and struggle through their adolescence or entire life. It is important for women to have that option open. It is our right and it is up to the voters today to help keep that right.The candidates in the abortion debate not only have strong beliefs, but they each have a viewpoint that clearly reflects what they believe to be essential issues. John F. Kerry and George W. Bush have very different views. Kerry supports abortions and believes that while a fetus is a potential life, its life cannot be placed on the same level with that of a person.
Kerry believes 'that in the year 2004 we deserve a president who understands that a stronger America is where women's rights are just that - rights, not political weapons to be used by politicians of this nation'(Presidential). If we do not fight for our rights now, then when will the government stop? What other rights will they take away? We need to vote for candidates, who understand that the power to choose cannot be taken away. Society needs to voice their opinions in this year's election if they want their rights to be kept. Another candidate, Ralph Nader, also agrees with Kerry's views. Nader comments, "I don't think government has the proper role in forcing a woman to have a child or forcing a woman not to have a child.
And we've seen that around the world. This is something that should be privately decided with the family, woman, all the other private factors of it, but we should work toward preventing the necessity of abortion" (Presidential). Women in America have the right to decide what to do with their bodies. No government or group of people should feel that they have the right to dictate to a person what path their lives should take. People who say that they are 'pro-life' are in effect no more than 'anti-choice'.
These pro-lifers want to put the life and future of women into the hands of the government. Abortion, and the choice a woman may make, is a very private thing and should not be open to debate. The question of morality should not even come into play when considering abortion, because in this case the question is not of morality but of choice and constitutionality. Pro-life opponents of abortion argue that the fetus is human and therefore given the same human rights as the mother. They believe that when a society legalizes abortion, it is sanctioning murder. Bush has said, "Through sonograms and other technology, we can clearly see that unborn children are members of the human family as well. They reflect our image, and they are created in God's own image'(Bush).
Although I think his intentions are good, Bush is attacking this issue from a completely different view. It is a choice that many people do not agree with but it is not their chose to make. Yes, some disagree with abortions but the choice must still be there. Many people are not in favor of abortion or feel it is a positive thing; yet, it is a necessary evil.I have known children who have become pregnant and felt having an abortion was their only option. I use the word children because they just were not mature enough to handle a child of their own. Having a child is such a huge responsibility.
Try to imagine having to keep that unwanted child inside of you for nine months, in some cases, with no intention of keeping it. My friend, Angelica, was a freshman in high school at the time. She is now, a sophomore in college and no longer even speaks to the father of the child she decided not to have. She is doing very well in school and does not regret the decision she was forced to make. She simply was not ready for a child and felt it was wrong to bring that unwanted child into this world. Without that decision and right, women cannot plan out and live their own lives.
Abortion has caused many people to feel very strongly in one way or another. It is important to remember, that people's view on abortion is one that is based on their beliefs. With this said, I agree with the candidate Kerry as a pro-choice supporter. With Kerry's leadership abortion will remain legal and it is up to the voters to make sure he is put into that position. It is, and possibly always will be, a very controversial topic, yet, the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mothers, and the state has no right to interfere.
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