Social Security The purpose of this paper is to analyze social security so as to show the reader what makes it beneficial to us today... Throughout my life the words social and security have meant little more tome than the representation of a small blue card in my wallet, a consistent and increasingly significant deduction of funds from my weekly pay-check, and a vague academically-instilled recollection of the potential for long-term future benefit. In fact, it was not until I researched pertinent material for this particular project that I truly learned how markedly beneficial social security will be after my eventual retirement. Reflecting on precisely how ignorant I had been to the issue prior to my investigation, I realized a tragic irony which exists quite commonly within our society today; young people are not taught to save for retirement. I think that many of my friends do not even think much of saving for their college graduation, let alone for their retirement. Eventually, however, most of us will reach a point in our lives where work shall come to an end, yet the existence of living expenses will not.

Social security, many of us find out; will provide us with a monthly check at this point. What we do not realize, however, is that this amount is not intended to be used as our sole source of income. Unfortunately, the tragic irony is that many of us reach retirement and realize too late how impossible it would be to live by no other means except social security. The reality is, that the program is but one benefit, one addition, and one financial supplement. Its intent is to be combined with other savings, IRA's, retirement funds and the like. Many senior citizens retire not fully realizing this and consequently, they are forced to seek part-time employment to supplement their income.

This defeats the purpose of retirement all together. Since people often expect social security to pay for all or most of their living expenses, the disappointment that comes with retirement leads them to maintain negative feelings against the social security program which is actually at no fault whatsoever. Once you have reached your retirement age you must notify your employer and the government agency responsible for paying you benefits. This is the Social Security Administration. Arrangements must be made to carry private health insurance over into retirement, and applications must be filed for government health coverage. While social security is of great financial benefit to retirees, it must not be mistaken as a financial entity on which people can live without any other sources of income or savings.

Rather, social security income should be supplemented by money from pensions, investments such as Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) or other means. In addition to providing financial aid to the retired, social security has two other aspects: Should the worker die before retirement, benefits go to survivors: to widows or widowers and to children until they reach a specific age, usually 18. Should a worker become disabled, income maintenance is provided. Temporary injury, however, is usually covered by workmen's compensation programs. In the United States social security is a contributory system. Workers and their employers both make contributions in the form of payroll taxes.

A few countries maintain universal pension plans paid from general revenues. Other countries have assistance for those not covered by social security or for those whose benefits are inadequate. There are some exceptions to social security coverage. Government workers, including the military, often have their own pension plans. The self-employed and those who work for nonprofit organizations have also been excluded, but in the United States this policy has been changing. In the United States there was no general government-supported health plan until the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965 as amendments to the Social Security Act.

(The exception was the medical service offered through Veterans Administration hospitals. ) Medicare, however, is not a general health plan available to the whole population. Its benefits are for retired persons who have been part of the social security system. And Medicare does not cover the whole cost of hospitalization or other services. Therefore, similar to the notion that retirees must not rely solely on income from social security, they also must not rely solely on related health insurance. The social security benefit formula is designed so that if an individual who maintains average earnings all through their working life and retires at full retirement age, (currently 65), will have a social security approximately 4 0% of their earnings just prior to retirement.

If, however, a retiree had minimum wage earnings all of their life, social security.