The New Testament I. The Primary Source of the Knowledge of Jesusa. Proclaims the Incarnation -- the Word made Flesh -- Jesus becomes Man. Fulfillment of the Promise of the Old Testament II. Collection of books (proclaiming the fulfillment of God's promises through His Son, Jesus) a.
Gospels. Written by the evangelists - Matthew, Mark, Luke, John ii. CCC 125 = Gospels are the heart of all the Scriptures as they are the primary source of life and teaching of Jesusiii. Main sources of information about the historical Jesus iv. Faith testimonials announcing the good news of salvation; evangelists are not primarily interested in the historical details of Jesus' life -- primary interest in the good deeds he performed, the words of salvation he taught, and the meaning of his passion, death, resurrection and glorification v. Not all alike 1.
Mark - suffering servant 2. Matthew - humanness of Jesus 3. Luke - Gospel message is for all 4. John - emphasizes the symbolisms within Jesus' life vi. Synoptic Gospels 1. how Jesus lived 2.
Matthew, Mark and Luke vii. John's Gospel - what Jesus meant. Acts of the Apostles. Written about the time following Pentecost (for at 30 yrs) ii.
Luke's sequel to his Gospels. Epistles - letters i. Pauline (13 books) - dealt with particular problems faced by the early Church and continued proclaiming faith in Jesus to be its central focus 1. 7 of the books directly attributed to Paul; the others were probably written by disciples of his ii. Epistle to the Hebrews - defines the priesthood of Jesusiii. Catholic Epistles - encouraged the universal church to keep the true faith and live Christ-filled lives.
Revelation (The Apocalypse) - another book full of symbolisms written to aid Christians under persecution to remain loyal to Jesus and His teachings. III. How did the writing of the Gospels come to be? - 3-stage process a. The life and teaching of Jesus period of time from Jesus' birth until his death what he did and taught. Oral preaching about Jesus from Pentecost until the actual written form of the Gospels. Written Gospels -- -- written over a 35 yr period Mark around 65 AD, Matthew and Luke between 75-85 AD and John during the last decade of the first century.
Each evangelist adapted his materials keeping in mind the circumstances of the particular audience for whom he was writing... each had different audiences. i. Most of what we know about Jesus' early life comes from Matthew and Luke -- - birth, Magi, Flight to Egypt, circumcision, Slaughter of the Innocents, boy Jesus in the Temple, Joseph ii. Catholic Church maintains the dogma of the virgin birth -- - no brothers or sisters the text that refers to Jesus' brothers and sisters uses a word that also means cousins IV. Jesus' Public Ministry a.
Mark and John begin here. Accounts of temptations c. Miracles -- -- mighty work of wonderment revealing the presence of God through Jesus. Accounts of preaching the ministry that ultimately led to his death i. This is the center stage in the gospel accounts of Jesus' life.
Qualities of Jesusa. Portrait of a God-Mani. Compassionately reaching out to those in need 1. healer 2. brought Lazarus back from the dead (and others) 3. associated with the "losers", the "have-nots"a.
children, widows, sinners, crippled, lepers, blind. extended love and attention to all and they sometimes smothered him. he gave them what they needed - healing touch of God's forgiveness and the good news (they were loved) ii. Experienced the same difficulties as any man 1.
grew tired 2. became angry (moneychangers) and impatient (apostles) 3. demonstrated courage - stood up to the false teachers of the day; rescued the woman from adultery; preached boldly 4. cried 5. felt pain (when slapped or scourged) 6. a humble man -- - poor, owned nothing; washed the feet of the apostles (a slave wasn't even required to do this) 7.
shared joy with others -- - he was self-giving a. eating with the mb. marriage feast at Can ab. Life revealed the Father through incredible generosity VI. Jesus' Names and Titles a. Jesus comes from Hebrew Yehoshua (Joshua) - "God saves"b.
"Christ" - Greek word for Messiah c. "Suffering Servant" - he wasn't the earthly leader that his contemporaries expected; rather, he took on the burdens of his people and redeemed the md. "Son of God" - from John "the Father and I are one"e. "Lord" - could mean a ruler or just be the respectful title of "sir" rather it comes from the Greek word used aloud in place of the sacred name of Yahweh thus to call Jesus "Lord" (Ky rios) is to say that he is God. "Word of God" -- - from John's gospel -- -- defines the divinity of Jesus as the perfect revelation of the Father. "Son of Man" -- - this was more often used by Jesus than "Son of God" defines his humanness, one who like us will suffer for and serve all people it also establishes his role as judge and savior through whom God will establish his kingdom at the end of time.