Firstly it is necessary to mention that Christianity is one of the oldest religions in the world. It dates backs thousands years. The beginning f the Christianity is the 1 st century A. D. in the Roman Empire. Christianity is is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ.
(Hagen 35) It is known that the sacred texts of Christianity are the Bible and the Apostolic Tradition (Revelation written by John). Two these sacred writings are interpreted by the Catholic and Orthodox Churches. It can be mentioned that in Catholicism the study of the bible is called Magisterium. In Orthodoxy the interpretation and tradition of scripture is restricted to the canon law. It is apparent that both sacred texts are really important and significant for Christians to understand the tenets of the faith. (Hagen 36) The term Bible was introduced since the 4 th century and denoted the Scriptures of Christianity and its religious traditions.
The sacred scripture exhibit Christian visions, moral codes, legends and myths, historical narratives. The role of the Bible in the community involves its reading, worship, religious rituals and ceremonies, keeping the fast, etc. The bible is like inspiration of human actions, charity and other virtues. (Hagen 37) Christianity noted that the bible was written under the guidance of the Lord and therefore it is true.
The bible is the collection of independent books. It consists of two testaments: Old Testament and New Testament, which describe the life of Jesus Christ. Bible has its own storyline. It involves enormous events and minute details such Jesus death and his divine resurrection. He died in order to save all people and to pray for forgiveness for their sins.
He gave his life to save the world. (Hagen 38) The New Testament is the collection of 27 books where the central figure is Jesus Christ. It is necessary to admit that all Christians recognize the New Testament to be a really canonical scripture. The New Testament consists of: o The Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John). These gospels are called also synoptic gospels.
For example, the Gospel of Matthew is divided into four sections: Genealogy and birth of Jesus; discourses and actions of John; actions of Jesus Christ in Galilee; death and resurrection of Jesus. (Bible 2004) o The Pauline Epistles o The Pastoral Epistles o The General Epistles o Revelation (Bible 2004) The significant part of the Bible is devoted to Lords Ten Commandments (Decalogue). They are a list of religious and moral imperatives which, according to religious tradition. (Bible 2004) Commandments were written by God, who gave them to Moses in the form of stone tablets. These Ten Commandments are the moral values and norms of peoples behavior. Every Christian should obey and follow them, if he wants to get in Paradise after death.
In order to have more clear idea about Christianity Bible it is necessary to present some examples of Commandments: 1. I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt. It means that all Christians must believe in Gods existence, to believe that he is deathless and the only creator of the world. (Bible 2004) 2. Thou shall have no other gods besides me... Do not make a sculpted image or any likeness of what is in the heavens above...
It means that person should believe and worship only to one God. (Bible 2004) 3. Thou shall not swear falsely by the name of the Lord. It means that it is a sin to take the Gods name in vain. (Bible 2004) 4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy.
5. Thou shall honour your father and your mother. According to God every person is obliged to honor his parents, because they have given him birth. 6. Thou shall not murder. It is known to be the capital sin, because human life is precious and nobody has the right to kill.
(Bible 2004) 7. Thou shall not commit adultery. It means that no man should live together with married women. 8. Thou shall not steal. It means that kidnap is capital sin.
9. Thou shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. A person has no right to present false evidence and witness in court. It is known that lying is forbidden, but it doesnt consider as capital sin. (Bible 2004) 10. Thou shall not covet your neighbor's house.
It is forbidden to person to desire to obtain something which was given to another person by God. In conclusion it is interesting to mention that Testaments were firstly written in Greek. Textual tradition involved Western- ext, Alexandrian text, etc. they composed the most part of testament manuscripts. The oldest versions of the Bible were written in Syriac, Latin languages.
(Hagen 48) The Bible is the sacred text for Christians in the whole world. It teaches people to be tolerant, kind and merciful to other people. It teaches them to help each other in difficult times and never to leave them alone. The Bible is the standard of living and behavior for Christians. They must follow and obey all commandments and values.
It is known that the Bible is handbook for many people.