Thaddeus Stevens- The U. S. Represent ive from Pennsylvania who was the creator of the 14 th amendment was a big figure in the young United States. He was born in 1792. His schooling was very impressive and he became known for his background in law. Mr.
Stevens practiced law in Gettysburg and Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He was a very hard and definite person when it came to justice and he even helped defeat a bill abolishing the state's public school system and was a proponent of a protective tariff. When Stevens was in congress he was a Whig but also was totally against slavery. He was one of the leading organizers in the Republican party coming about and a very powerful figure in the American Civil War. Stevens really didn't have a lot of love for the south because Stevens in the House and Charles Sumner in the Senate were totally against President Lincoln's plan for reconstruction. In Steven's eyes, the Southern states that were won needed to be the center and treated as "conquered states" as he stated.
Not only this but he was a big advocate in bringing up charges to impeach Andrew Jackson. Finally, he was one of the persons responsible in getting many rights for African Americans rights by creating the 14 th amendment which states "that all people born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens and citizens of their state of residence... ." Andrew Carnegie- This great Scottish man was born in his native on November 25, 1835. Mr. Carnegie was an iron / steel manufacture and a Philanthropist. Many people do not know that he was friends with some of the elite Americans such as Matthew Arnold, Mark Twain, William Gladstone and Theodore Roosevelt.
In 1848, Carnegie's family immigrated from his native to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from there he went from a regular boy to becoming a telegraph operator. There after he helped in the Civil War by helping to drastically improve the Union Army's communication. He was the creator of the Keystone Bridge Company which made iron and steel. This man came from nothing then became something in the land of opportunities.
By the 1900 s the Carnegie Steel Company was making one fourth of all steel in the United States, there after he sold his company for $250 million. When he sold his company he retired and just began writing books and donating a lot of money. The public now benefits from his contributes while now having the Carnegie Hall in New York, the Carnegie Institution in Washington and over 2, 800 libraries. This man died on August 11, 1919. Edward Bellamy- One of the best American born 1850 who was an Essayist and Journalist born in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts. His education came from Union College.
As a young teenager at the age of 18, he learned how to be poor a year abroad in Germany. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1871. Right after he studied, he became a Journalist and a associate editor in Massachusetts in Springfield Union then soon he became editorial writer for the New York Evening Post. A lot of the early work of Bellamy was criticism to conventional American attitudes.
His most known work was In Looking Back word which was based on "a depiction of an ideal socialistic society in the year 2000." This book had founded the idea of making a lot of socialistic clubs. Bellamy had great success from coming from nothing to something. William Jennings Bryan- People know him as the "Great Commoner" and for his great speech "Cross of Gold." Mr. Bryan was born in Salem, Illinois on March 19, 1860 and graduated Illinois College and the Union College of Law. In personality, Bryan was hard-working, courageous, and noble in moral principles as well as friendly, charming, and optimistic. In his political life, Bryan viewed his role as doing God's work.
He was U. S. Representative from Nebraska to Congress in 1891-95. At thirty-six he was nominated for president in 1896 by the Democrats and seven other parties.
Although he received forty-seven percent of the vote and won in more states and territories than William McKinley, voting fraud stole six states from Bryan, and he lost this election and those of 1900 and 1908. In 1912 Bryan helped Woodrow Wilson get elected, and Wilson named Bryan his Secretary of State. While in this office for three years, Bryan negotiated peace treaties with thirty nations and helped promote Wilson's progressive policies and strengthen the U. S. position in the Caribbean.
During the fifteen years he was the leader of the Democratic Party, Bryan also acted as the watchdog of Congress and the conscience of the country. Not only was he all this but he helped with programs These measures include the following: the 16 th, 17 th, 18 th, and 19 th Amendments to the Constitution (graduated income tax, direct election of senators, prohibition of liquor, woman suffrage), public disclosure of newspaper ownership and the signing of editorials, an array of labor laws and reforms (workman's compensation, minimum wage, eight-hour day, improved conditions for seamen and railroad employees, prohibition of injunctions in labor disputes), public regulation of political campaign contributions, Federal Reserve Act, Federal Trade Commission and Federal Farm Loan Act and many others. William McKinley- The 25 th president of the United States was well known and also known as "Idol of Ohio." He was born on January 29, 1843 in the city of Niles, Ohio. He was the leader in the Spanish-American War. McKinley secured ratification of the Treaty of Paris, pacified the Philippines, and initiated civil governments in the dependencies taken from Spain. McKinley's first public office was prosecuting attorney of Stark county.
McKinley attained national fame as a leading spokesman for the Republican party's other major doctrine, tariff protection, which he thought would develop and diversify the American economy, create purchasing power among producers, and promote national unity. Leaving the governorship early in 1896, McKinley set out to win the Republican nomination for president. He had been mentioned for the nomination in 1888. McKinley not only one the nomination of the republicans but also won the presidency of the United States by running and beating William Jennings Bryan. Under McKinley the United States defeated Spain and the United States had occupied Cuba and Puerto Rico. The United States under this president temporarily occupied Cuba, while preparing it for republicanism; took Puerto Rico as a war indemnity; and acquired all of the Philippine archipelago.
In domestic legislative affairs, McKinley's record was impressive. The Dingley Tariff (1897) called for higher rates and appeared to settle that sharply debated question. The Gold Standard Act (1900), addressing another old controversy, declared the gold dollar to be the sole standard of currency. He did all this and for his cause "On September 6 an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz shot him during a public reception in the Temple of Music." Theodore Roosevelt- Theodore Roosevelt the 26 th president of the United States. He was a writer, historian, explorer, big-game hunter, soldier, conservationist, ranchman and Nobel Peace Prize winner.
Theodore was born in 1858 in New York. At an early age he was very weak in health. As a young man Roosevelt decided on a dual career; law and politics. Theodore served three terms in the New York Assembly.
As a Police Commissioner he took control of the police department, reorganized it, fired corrupt policemen and used to spend his nights walking through the city looking for policemen asleep on their jobs. In the presidential election of 1896 the Republican William McKinley ran against the Democrat William Jennings Bryan. Roosevelt campaigned hard for McKinley, and he was rewarded by the job he coveted most - Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Roosevelt was a strong nationalist. He believed fervently that not only was the United States on the brink of becoming a world power, but that it had a responsibility and a duty to establish U. S.
supremacy. Soon, he became the governor of his native state New York. Then a couple of years later the vice president of the country. He renounced that position and wanted to run for presidency.
Roosevelt was the first president that felt it was the proper role of the federal government to make sure that business was responsive to public needs. Because of this he actively sought to regulate business by enforcing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and pushing new regulatory legislation through Congress. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act had been passed in 1890, but it had never been used to prosecute a trust - only unions. Meanwhile the changes in the business environment were phenomenal. Whole industries became dominated by a single company or a combination of companies controlled by a trust.
Once it had a monopoly a trust could unilaterally control prices and rack up huge profits. The Pure Food & Drug Act and a meat inspection bill. These laws were intended to protect consumers against the food industry - especially meat packing. Theodore Roosevelt hand picked his successor who then was to lead the power he left behind him. The successor was William H. Taft.
He died on January 6, 1919 when he died of an embolism at his home while still working.