Critical Thinking Article Summary and Critique According to, Diane F. Halpern, critical thinking is the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned and goal directed - the kind of thinking involved in solving problems, formulating inferences, calculating likelihood's, and making decisions when the thinker is using skills that are thoughtful and effective for the particular context and type of thinking task. Critical thinking also involves evaluating the thinking process - the reasoning that went into the conclusion we " ve arrived at the kinds of factors considered in making a decision. Critical thinking is sometimes called directed thinking because it focuses on a desired outcome." In reading the article, The significant role of critical thinking in predicting auditing students' performance, the author addressed many issues and resolutions such as the academic experience of students and how critical thinking effects this. The author stated that the results indicate that students with higher measures of critical thinking skills and past academic performance outperformed other students on both the third exam and a comprehensive final examination in auditing.
The purpose of critical thinking is, therefore, to achieve understanding, evaluate viewpoints, and solve problems. Since all three areas involve the asking of questions, we can say that critical thinking is the questioning or inquiry we engage in when we seek to understand, evaluate, or resolve. The author also uses logic in analyzing the critical thinking situation. He also had a valued perception of critical thinking. He made comments that make us think that critical thinking is a very important of our everyday. He also dealt with arguments towards the article very well.
When using inserts and quotes from others she made is judgment and accepted it as that but never did he critique the author. The author opinion was respected and left as is. The author also talked about who should have more critical thinking skills and why. For example, she thought that controllers and external auditors should possess more critical thinking skills because their profession requires that an individual possess a proper degree of skepticism, as well as proper use of analytical programs.
To conclude, critical thinking is an important part of our professional and personal lives because some of what occurs on a daily basis depends on how we think, how we analyze certain situations and how we deal with them.