Sigmund Freud was the father of psychology. Freud began his education in 1873 at the University of Vienna. He went to medical school and spent much time studying physiology and neurology.
1. He became a brilliant researcher and began work in Paris with the French neurologist Jean Martin Charcot, an avid hypnotist, who influenced his ideas on the treatment of neurosis. In 1886 he married Martha Bernays, within nine years they had six children.
In 1887 Freud met Wilhelm Feiss, a doctor from Berlin. Their new-found friendship cultivated Freud's interest in psychology. Through this encouragement he founded psychoanalysis. For the next few years Freud worked on his book The Interpretation of Dreams which assigned dreams as attempts at wish fulfillment.
Freud became more prestigious with his continual publications of papers and books such as Psychology of Everyday Life (1901). In 1902 he was appointed associate professor at the University of Vienna and he founded the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. In "Three Essays on Sexuality" (1905) Freud unleashed one of the pillars of his theory on personality, sexual development. He continually published case studies backing up his various theories.
In the early 1900's he expanded his publications to include papers on religion, literature, history and more. During this time psychoanalysis became increasingly popular and political struggles began. There were major divisions in the field while Freud and his followers tried to promote psychoanalysis outside of Vienna. As Freud was aging he was training Carl C. Jung as his successor. But as time went on Jung and Freud differed in ideals as Jung didn't buy into the prominence Freud assigned to the libido and in 1914 they terminated their correspondence.
In that same year World War I broke out and brought the movement of psychoanalysis to a halt. Freud had a tough experience with the war, as all three of his sons fought in the army. This led to his death drive theory, introduced in Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920). In 1923 he presented his world famous idea of the id, ego and super-ego and the unconscious, pre-conscious and subconscious. The psychoanalytic movement was flourishing and Freud was diagnosed with cancer. Through all his operations he continued writing and redeveloping his theories.
In the 1930's the Nazi regime infiltrated Austria. In 1938 Freud left for Paris with the help of Princess Marie Bonaparte and Freud died on September 23, 1939. He worked up to his death and his contributions to the field of psychology will not be forgotten. 1.
Sigmund Freud Austrian Originator of Psycho-Analysis 1856 - 1939 Men are strong only so long as they represent a strong idea. They become powerless when they oppose it. - Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 at Freiberg, Moravia, now Prior in the Czech Republic. Freud developed the techniques of "Psycho-Analysis" for the treatment of psychological and emotional disorders. Freud graduated as Doctor of Medicine from the Medical School of the University of Vienna in 1881.
In September 1891 Freud moved to 19 Berggasse in Vienna where he lived and worked for the next 47 years. In 1896 in his paper, "The Aetiology of Hysteria," Freud first used the term "Psycho-Analysis." In October of 1902 a circle of physicians grouped around Freud began a weekly discussion of Psycho-Analysis. From 1908 on the group called itself "Vienna Psycho-Analytical Society." In 1910 the "International Psycho-Analytical Association" was formed in Nuremberg with Swiss psychologist Carl Jung as the first president. Psycho-analysis soon gained acceptance all over the world as a scientific discipline and as a therapeutic approach.
On March 12, 1938 German troops marched into Austria and the Nazis assumed power. Freud's daughter Anna was arrested on March 22 by the Gestapo and held for a day. On June 4, following numerous international interventions, Freud was allowed to emigrate to London with his wife, his youngest daughter Anna, his housekeeper Paula Fichte and his medical caretaker Jose fine Stress. Freud's other children also managed to escape.
His brother lost all his property when he left Vienna, and four elderly and infirm sisters were forced to remain in Vienna and killed in concentration camps in 1941. Freud moved to a house at 20 Mares field Gardens in London's Hampstead section. Sigmund Freud died on September 23, 1939. "The Sigmund Freud Museum" was opened in his former office at 19 Berggasse, Vienna in 1971.