On April 12 th, 1803, delegates of the United States and of France agreed that the United States bought the large region of French-owned lands west of the Mississippi River. The United States spent fifteen million on this land or 3 cents an acre. This was known as the Louisiana Purchase. France had given this area to Spain first which was a fraction of the treaty fabricated to end the French and Indian war. In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte surreptitiously planned to give the land back to France. The population in Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, and Tennessee grew while speculation went on as to who owned them.

The Mississippi River was the main route for trade into the west because roads in the west barely existed. In 1795, Spaniards granted American traders the right to use the port for overseas shipment. When president Jefferson found out, he was afraid Napoleon might utilize it for personal motives. French were again at war with Great Britain. To avoid any conflict, Jefferson then took it upon himself to gain control over New Orleans for the United States. He sent James Monroe to buy New Orleans and western Florida, which was 2 million.

They then bought Louisiana for 15 million. Napoleon sold the land because he necessitated money to invest militia drives in Europe, a place he was trying to gain power over. However, Napoleon would never accomplish him goal of fabricating an American Empire. He wanted to put this empire in a place that seemed secure like the Caribbean so chose Haiti as his location. In 1791, Toussaint L'Ouverture won Haiti's indepen dce as Napoleon failed in getting it back. No establishment of rights for native Americans was founded, however, French Catholics in the United states had freedom of religion and citizenship.

At first the fderealists disapproved of the purchase at first but then came to a treaty that the senate approved that stated the president could not buy land because the constitution did not authorize him to do so. In 1803 the United states took poseesion of the new land. Yet before the purchase, Jefferson was on a mission to explore the new territory and the senate allowed him to begin soon after he approved the treaty. Lewis and Clark became leaders of this voyage. The group of explores departed on their mission in May 1804. Sacajawea, a shoes hone woman married to an explorer went along on the trip as a translator.

The expedition was very successful in their knowledge and journals and they were generally polite tot erh Native Americans. Pg, 198-199 War was not confirmed until 1812, five years after a major hit in Chesapeake which was often questioned by many. Madison said the united states would go all out in order to keep the freedom going. Great Britain was one known to have desecrated that sovereignty. France in addition, took possession of American ships but they were at peace with Madison so this was not really an issue.

There was a certain emergent long to have national pride, mainly with westerners. Alto hugh the certain issues being questioned were small at size, they were viewed as major threreats to Americans, which led them all to war. War came with anyone trying to keep us from the northwest territory we desired. American setters a los got conflict when it came to native Americans refusing to surrender the Allegheny Mountains since the mid-1700 s.