• European Monetary Union Interest Rates
    1,346 words
    The liberalization of trade is a historical phenomenon, which goes back a long way. Never before has any regional grouping made up of sovereign countries succeeded in taking economic integration as far as the European Union has done. Customs duties between European countries started to come down steadily in the early 1950 s and disappeared entirely in 1968 with the introduction of a customs union and the implementation of the common external tariff. The official proclamation of the single market...
  • International Nuclear Information System
    419 words
    The origins of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) date to 1966 when consultants from the former USSR and USA outlined a scheme for an international information system. The birth of such a globally oriented nuclear information system, however, was some years in the making. Between the late 1940's and into the middle of the 1960's, a number of countries established national information activities in the nuclear area. Duplication of efforts and incomplete coverage of all the nuclea...
  • The Enforcement Of Eu Law
    1,788 words
    To answer this question I will firstly explain how EU law became incorporated within the member states I will then explain the various types of EU legislation's in circulation. This is important to define as the various types of methods will involve different enforcement procedures. Finally I will explain how EU law is enforced and the ways EU law will effect the member state and individual businesses. I will summarise my findings at the end of the essay, this will give details of all the key id...
  • European Union Member State
    2,451 words
    The Delegation of Trade Authority in the EU Even though, for the past several decades, member states of the European Union (EU) have been derelict with their power to act as independent players in international trade negotiations, they have recently begun to recapture some of their lost trade sovereignty. (Kennett 1996) Neither the European Court of Justice 1994 s opinion, nor the 1997 formal reform of trade policy process at Amsterdam delegated full negotiating power to the Commission over the ...
  • Pros And Cons Of The European Union
    1,072 words
    Pros and Cons of the European Union Do you think it is useful to join into a union especially the European Union to strengthen their economic positions? The question could be simple to answer but an individual must look much deeper into the situation. For instance, what are the pros and cons of joining a union? The European Union has many pros but also many cons. The European Union was formed in February 1992 with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. It consist of originally twelve members - Be...
  • Role Of Imf And World Bank
    1,435 words
    Introduction The world's major international financial institutions represent paradoxical ideals in their quest to satisfy the needs of both developed and developing nations. These institutions are chartered with helping poor nations but are criticized for their neo-colonial policies. Member nations are all considered equal, but contributions make some more equal than others. Mostly, these organizations are managed by rich nations that usurp the autonomy of developing nations in the pursuit of f...
  • The Corruption Crisis Of The European Commission
    1,035 words
    Abstract: The Corruption Scandal of the European Commission and its possible effects on the institutional balance and the question of legitimacy I. Defining Corruption The first chapter is an attempt to define corruption. It is important to divide overlapping and complicated terms such as corruption, scandal and fraud. Corruption is defined as an illegal transaction, where both actors benefit from their special position in the market or the government. Scandal is the public reaction to allegati...
  • Member State States Countries Integration
    1,314 words
    The European Union (EU) is by far the most advanced form of cooperation between independent sovereign countries today. Despite the great diversity in culture of its member states, in its integration the EU has established characteristics of a single state; its own parliament, justice system and a single market with one currency. The Europeans are the first to create this model where countries give up a part of their sovereignty to gain other benefits, but it is my opinion that as time progresses...
  • Member States Education Community Article
    2,502 words
    EU Law: Educational Organisation And Policy Are Not As Such Included In The Spheres Which The Treaty In 1957, the EEC was created under the Treaty of Rome, its primary objectives involving economic integration. Education did not fall within the scope of such integration, its only relevance being in regard to vocational training under article 128 of the Treaty. Where such training would aid the development of the nation's economy and the common market. It was not until the TEU in 1992 that educat...
  • Intergovernmental Vs Supranational Member State
    1,487 words
    Intergovernmental vs. Supranational The European Union of today has been described as an intergovernmental organization by some scholars and a supranational organization by others. But which one is it in reality The answer to this question is very trivial. There are many different aspects of the EU in which we first must look at. The different branches of the European Union contain these aspects. These branches include the Commission, the Parliament, the Councils and the European Court of Justic...
  • Caribbean Court Of Justice
    502 words
    The establishment of the Caribbean Single Market and Economy is the only viable option for the Caribbean Community and its peoples. However, by itself, it would mean little without a system to ensure that the benefits intended can be realized and that people and the Governments adhere to its provisions. There is therefore a fundamental connection between the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) and the CSME. It is the responsibility of the CCJ to ensure that the law is observed in the interpretation...
  • Member State Law Community Web
    358 words
    The History of English Law Also see: web > web > web > web > Common Law was applied overall England -Doctrine of proceedings -Case Law -Since the 13 th century: law reporting Travelling judges applied the writ-system ->problem: there wasn't a writ for every case ->to abandon the problem: law of equity was installed (where the remedy of Common Law didn't exist or wasn't sufficient; for example: market rights) Law Merchant Merchants were allowed to set up their own courts or tribunals based on mer...
  • European Union Common Position
    5,041 words
    September 11, 2001 has opened the world up. The events of September, 11 have demonstrated that terrorism can affect, in its most horrific and inhuman form any part of the world at any time and no one can feel safe unless this civilization-eating monster is completely eradicated from our planet. The European reaction to the events of September 11 was: a) to sympathise with the United States; b) to declare that the Member States were willing to support the action 'each according to its means'; c) ...
  • Member State Oau African States
    1,155 words
    Organization of African Unity Origins The Organization of African Unity is a common, and one of the first, examples of Pan-African ism. The Organization of African Unity was established in 1963 in Addis Abeba which is a city in Ethiopia. The Membership has grown from 32 independent Member States in 1963, to the total of 53 today. Now, one interesting development is that the OAU will soon no longer exist due to the new formation of its successor, the African Union, or AU for short. In July of 20...
  • European Union Countries Enlargement States
    2,727 words
    May 1 st 2004 will be an historic date for the European Union because ten new Member States will be allowed to join the European Union. These states will be Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta and Cyprus. Bulgaria and Romania are penciled in for membership in 2007 and Turkey is due to begin negotiations at the end of 2004 1. This shows the European Union's commitment to further enlarging itself from the current EU 15 so as to incr...
  • Member States Treaty European Economic
    1,532 words
    Discuss the main treaties of Europe and their contribution to the development of the E. U. The European Community (EC) was established by Robert Schuman, a French minister, and Jean Monnet the man responsible for rebuilding the French economy after the Second World War. They believed that Germany should be given help to rebuild but only if they agreed to join an organisation of European states so that the chances of another world war would be less likely. In 1951 France, Germany, Italy, ...
  • Member States Education Community Article
    2,356 words
    In 1957, the EEC was created under the Treaty of Rome, its primary objectives involving economic integration. Education did not fall within the scope of such integration, its only relevance being in regard to vocational training under article 128 of the Treaty. Where such training would aid the development of the nation's economy and the common market. It was not until the TEU in 1992 that education was given a Treaty basis under the EC Treaty (article 126-127). During the intervening period, th...
  • European Supremacy Law National Community States
    1,826 words
    European Law Assignment The doctrine of supremacy allows community law to prevail over national law, including national constitutions. It also limits the law making powers of the member states and imposes duties to enforce community law on the authorities of the member states; including the courts. Discuss in light of statements made by the European court of justice? Ever since the extended application by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) of the principle of direct effects jointly with the wid...
  • Membership To The International Maritime Organization
    1,437 words
    Background: 1. After having complied the necessary requirements, our country recently became a member of the IMO. The IMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) with the objectives to improve Maritime Safety and to Prevent & Control Pollution of the Marine Environment. It was formerly known as the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO). This international agency provides the only forum for the development of Global Maritime Safety Standards and Regulations. Its ...
  • European Union States Economic Political
    1,141 words
    Theory of intergovernmentalism best explains not only the creation of the EU (as the EEC), but also the realization of EMU. Discuss. The concept of intergovernmentalism, gives the most suitable explanation about the formation of the European Union and the realization of the European Monetary Union based in the reality that it were the European Nation States the ones that move Europe towards an integration that was first economic, and that was then moved towards a concrete union based in poli...