Critical thought #1 Compare and contrast the philosophies of punishment. In the philosophies of punishment, we have retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, isolation, incapacitation, reintegration, restitution, and restoration. I'll define these philosophies of punishment. Retribution: It refers to revenge or retaliation for harm or wrong done to another individual. This was an unearthed written code dated back more than 3500 years that clearly spell out a retribution approach by the Archaeologists. "If a man destroy destroys the eye of another man, they shall destroy his eye.
If he breaks a man's bone, they shall break his bone. If a man knocks out a tooth of a man of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth. Deterrence: This philosophy is made to discourage criminals from committing future crimes. Deterrence include prisons, or execution. If you send a criminal to prison, or executing them, this will discourage the other criminals from committing the same crime. Rehabilitation: In rehabilitation, we provide psychological or educational assistance or job training to offenders to make them less likely to engage in future criminality.
This philosophy says that these offenders are human being, no matter what, they are changeable. This means that we could change them from being criminal. Isolation: This philosophy is a very old correctional philosophy that really had served two purposes throughout recorded history. This first is the simple incarceration of people in dungeons and towers to separate them from most human contact. Second, we started to call prison a dumping station for unwanted elements. This is send offenders to prisons, so the society won't feel like we fail as justice to lock these people.
Incapacitation: This is like the same as isolation. It wants to separate offenders from the community to reduce the opportunity for further crime while they are incarcerated. This philosophy wants to make sure that all the career criminal are caught Reintegration: We know that more than 90% of the offenders will come back to the community, and they are going to deal with a hard time in the community. They " ll have hard time making any kind of transition. They would want to get a job, readjust with their families.
Reintegration wants something to be done to help these people life a little easier in the community, or they " ll start committing crimes again if nothing goes well. Restitution: This philosophy suggests that the offender repay the victim or the community for the damage he's done. If he has to repay in money or by doing services for the community. For restitution, the judge now incorporate restitution orders into the condition of probation and possibly a fine. Restoration: This is sometime call "balanced approach: It has three key elements. This philosophy required the offenders to repay the victims losses for " It is definitely worth it for the most part because of the relationships I've gained with the students.
If nothing else, the students make it all worthwhile. I love to be in the educational atmosphere. Everyday is an adventure. I get to hear new and exciting stories each day. The stories give me something to tell my mother on the phone and they also give me something to look back on. the result of their actions (accountability).
Community protection support the notion of public safety in concert with at least costly, and Competency development emphasize remediation for the social, educational, or other deficiencies the offenders possessed when coming into the correctional system. Some people don't think that restoration will be able to make offenders change their behaviors. (See article).