The Roman Army 93 CE The Roman Army's organization was far more sophisticated than the armies of the world in which it faced in battle. The Roman Army operated its campaigns with such organization and structure; it is almost as though you were looking at a modern day military. The term household servants, as referenced by Josephus, it nothing less than the volunteer of the modern day. In Roman times, it was the household servants' duty to bear arms in its homeland defense.

The Roman Army operated its campaigns with the upmost preparedness in order to defeat their enemy. They were well equipped, well nourished and well sheltered to establish stamina. Josephus provides with great detail the lengths the Romans went to, in order to establish discipline within its ranks to have a successful campaign. The Romans never attacked first, for they would always have the enemy attack with aggression first. This was their way of justifying the necessary means of opposing aggressive forces and eventual victory.

The Romans not only used their campaigns to conquer land or destroy their enemies, but used their campaigns as training exercises for future campaigns. By learning new tactics, techniques and procedures the enemy was using, the Romans were able to counter every move the enemy made. The Romans never left a battle like a bottle half empty, they finished the battle to ensure future battles would never exist. The Romans never over worked their soldiers, by allowing them the maximum allowed time for rest, to ensure 100% full capabilities on the battlefield. They also used primitive measures for obtaining intelligence on their enemies before engaging them in battle. Intelligence preparation of the battlefield was means to all the military campaigns under Roman rule and their success.

The Romans established camps as though they were cities. The enemy never really had a clear chance of defeating the Romans on their ground of choosing. Carefully planned defense positions were designated and structured to deter any attack that may occur at any time and any place. Within these camps, the soldiers and officers basically had a small city to themselves, which provided them with the luxuries of everyday life. This helped the moral of the soldiers and mental preparedness for future battles. The Roman Army was so far ahead of the other armies it faced, it is almost amazing.

The Roman Army would go on to be the model of future armies and the modern day armies of today. Almost every military in the world has some reference to the Roman Army, for they established the foundations of the military. As to the reference of our military structure today, it is no different than that of the Roman Army one thousand plus years ago. Today's military still use the idea of intelligence preparation of the battlefield, living requirements and fortification. Not much has changed, for the structure sets the guidelines for all military institutions to follow. Even though there have been changes in structure, they have been small changes.

The days of archers have been replaced with artillery and the cavalry with tanks and aviation assets. The infantry will always be the same in structure, but with minor changes. The Roman Army instilled a sound discipline throughout its ranks, and the modern U. S military of today follows that doctrine. The Romans had their problems with deserters and so does the military today. The Romans used more brutal tactics than today's army, but the Uniformed Code of Military Justice deals with the certain individuals in a similar manner.

In many ways, the Romans should be commended on their structure and maintenance of old and new customs, for they have shaped the modern military and continue to do so. The Romans sense of homeland security is no different than from ours today, and the idea we will never be outmatched or outsmarted continues strong today. Work Cited Flavius Josephus. "The Jewish War." III.

5-6, trans. William Whist on. Complete works of Josephus online at C CEL (May 1998) < web /JOSEPHUS. HTM>.