The psychological disorder is the dys control or any dysfunction of the individual. These psychological disorders can be associated with the stress or impairment. The psychological disorder is seen in individuals that have behaviors or dysfunctions that identifies of the essence of abnormality. However we are not including the behaviors that are appropriate for the individual's culture. Many psychological disorders first diagnosed involve physiological and / or genetic components. The psychopathology is the field that concerned with the studies about psychological disorders and abnormalities.
In that field we can find different professional levels of training and education. These professionals have to be able identify and describe the abnormal behavior and provide treatment. It is true to say that psychology studies of disability have largely focused on the association between psychological factors and disability. For instance, psychologists typically evaluate the psychological impact of a particular disorder and how it influences coping and adjustment. They would typically measure cognitive and behavioral factors such as personality, attitudes, perceptions, coping behavior, relationship behavior, and so on.
Furthermore, psychologists over the past years have begun to emphasize the importance of evidence based health practice, and so there have been a number of recent studies that have scientifically investigated the efficacy of psychological treatments designed to improve the quality of life of those with a disability. Unfortunately, consideration of social factors (such as the social context, cultural factors, financial matters, living skills, etc. ) does not always figure highly in these psychology studies. To identify that the person has psychological disorder psychologists looks for some abnormalities in individual behavior.
To be able to tell what is abnormal you have to know the culture, environment, and person as an individual. The cases of abnormality are complex and sometimes fascinating. The abnormality can be caused by biology or by psychosocial factors. Moreover abnormality can be caused by the genetic contributions, emotional influences, and interpersonal influences. Abnormality is in psychological terms, any mental, emotional, or behavioral activity that deviates from culturally or scientifically accepted norms. Patterns of emotion, thought, and action deemed pathological for one or more of the following reasons: infrequent occurrence, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction, and unexpectedness.
To identify the abnormality you have to identify multidimensional approaches and causes. The big part of the how abnormal we could be plays role of genes. If you as an individual have genes that are make you easier to be stressed or you have genes that are making you weaker to the alcohol drinks that play a big role in how far your abnormality can go. One popular approach, the diathesis-stress model, assumes that a disposition towards a certain disorder may result from a combination of one's genetics and early learning. However, having a disposition does not mean that one will necessarily develop the disorder. Rather, the disorder will only occur if one experiences more stress than their coping mechanisms can handle.
The person whose parents were much easier on alcohol, who born in the family with the aggressive environments that individual more likely will use the alcohol when he / she stress. In the studies psychologist looks for the relationship between the environment and genetic contribution. Also the emotions are playing the dramatic impact on our functioning. Moreover that plays a central role on many disorders. As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the observation that individuals are often unaware of many of the factors that determine their emotions and behavior. These unconscious factors may create unhappiness, sometimes in the form of recognizable symptoms and at other times as troubling personality traits, difficulties in work or in love relationships, or disturbances in mood and self-esteem.
Because these forces are unconscious, the advice of friends and family, the reading of self-help books, or even the most determined efforts of will, often fail to provide relief. Psychoanalytic treatment demonstrates how these unconscious factors affect current relationships and patterns of behavior, traces them back to their historical origins, shows how they have changed and developed over time, and helps the individual to deal better with the realities of adult life. Analysis is an intimate partnership, in the course of which the patient becomes aware of the underlying sources of his or her difficulties not simply intellectually, but emotionally - by re-experiencing them with the analyst. Typically, the patient comes four or five times a week, lies on a couch, and attempts to say everything that comes to mind. These conditions create the analytic setting, which permits the emergence of aspects of the mind not accessible to other methods of observation. As the patient speaks, hints of the unconscious sources of current difficulties gradually begin to appear - in certain repetitive patterns of behavior, in the subjects which the patient finds hard to talk about, in the ways the patient relates to the analyst.
The analyst helps elucidate these for the patient, who refines, corrects, rejects, and adds further thoughts and feelings. During the years that an analysis takes place, the patient wrestles with these insights, going over them again and again with the analyst and experiencing them in daily life, in fantasies, and in dreams. Patient and analyst join in efforts not only to modify crippling life patterns and remove incapacitating symptoms, but also to expand the freedom to work and to love. Eventually the patient's life - his or her behavior, relationships, sense of self - changes in deep and abiding ways.