Part one: Human Nature / State of Nature Hobbes believes that, in man, we find three causes of quarrel, competition, diffidence, glory. Violence to make themselves the master's of other men's persons, wives, children, and cattle. During a time that men live without a common power to keep them in awe they are in a condition of war; every man for himself. War is also attributed to the state of nature which in that the only thing man has, is what he can furnish himself. Described as being 'Nasty brutish, and short. In the state of war / nature nothing can be unjust Force and fraud are the two cardinal virtues.
Everything is everyone's so long as they can keep it Men without government behave this way. Need for Gov't-The end cause and need for gov't is that men really just want to protect themselves. They fear that another man may take his things and he will not be able to get them back, on his own, so gov't is created out of fear of others. Covenants without the sword are useless. How gov't is created / Ideal Gov't- All power must be given to one man or assembly of men that may reduce all their voices to one wi ockeNeed for Gov't -1.
There must be an established, known law, received and allowed by the standard of right and common consent. Although the law of nature is plain and intelligible men are apt to not allow it as a law binding to them in the application of it. 2. In the state of nature there wants a known and indifferent judge, with authority to determine all differences according to the established law.
For men in the state of nature are judge and executioner and being partial to themselves, will probable take the sentence too far. 3. There often wants power to back and support the sentence when right, and give it due execution State of Nature- the original state of nature was characterized by rational thought among humans. Lack of a common power to settle quarrels among rational people. How Gov't is created- Because of human nature we rarely see any number of men in the state of nature and are driven to society.
The inconveniences of this state become exposed by the overuse of power by most Part two: 1.3 powers of congress- make and pass laws, declare war, impeach president 2. Habeas corpus is the right to be brought forward and judged by your peers for a crime. It can be suspended in a time of war or national crisis. 3.
One check congress has on president- overturn a veto with 2/3 vote. 4. What constitutional provision gives congress the most power? Elastic clause. Article 1 section 8 paragraph 18 5.
Three presidential powers- veto bills appoint judges, position troops 6. one check pres has on congress- veto power. 7. What role does the president have in terms of the country's military forces? How long is a federal judges term? For life. 9.
What are the three levels of the federal court system? District, Appeals, Supreme 10. What is supreme courts responsibility? Hear acres that infringe on people's rights. 11.9 justices on the supreme court. 12. how many cases must supreme court see each year?
As many as they want. 13. Who authorizes extradition? The governor of the state the criminal fled from. 14. full faith and credit shall be given to which documents?
Laws passed, legal documents 15. What type of state laws have supremacy over national laws? None. 16. ratifying question... look on legislative process 17. What branch makes laws regarding public land? Congress Part 3 House of reps Senate Intro'd to house and proposed to Bill is proposed and head committee given to comm.
Goes to Sub-committee hearings held Sub comm receives bill Sub Comm. Reviews and makes Sub comm reviews and Changes if necessary makes changes The bill is sent back to standing comm Sent back to standing Rules comm. Decides on time to comm for more review Debate the bill Debate / Filibuster Debated on floor then sent to vote Debated and voted on Veto Conference Comm- goes to pres to be passed Pres signs bill Part 4: six basic principles 1. Popular Sovereignty- People are the only source of government power 2. Limited govt- Gov't can only do things people say to do 3. Seperation of Powers- Grants powers to the branches 4.
Checks and Balances- Makes sure all branches have same power 5. Judicial review- power to decide if the gov't is being constitutional 6. Federalism- Division of power between federal gov't and local 2 best: Federalism and limited gov " tI believe that federalism and limited gov't are the two most important principles in tor'd in the cost. When the U.S. was controlled from afar by England, our established laws were lost to their tyranny, so it was only natural that our gov't be subject to laws and regulations.