Asthma (A Respiratory Disease) The word asthma come from the Greek term meaning panting. Asthma is respiratory disease usually caused by allergic reaction of dust, pollen, animal fur, feather, and mold. The disease usually causes spasm and constriction of the bronchial passage which results in making it harder for air to pass. Asthma caused from allergies and is also called atopic or extrinsic.
Non-allergenic asthma is called intrinsic. Asthma in adults is usually not allergenic and instead causes by respiratory infections and emotional upsets. Children usually loose asthma when they reach adulthood. Most asthma attacks happen at night and start with coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, although some people may only have a dry cough.
Attacks almost always will end after a few hours even without treatment. Depending on the person, attacks can occur every few days, to months, or even years. The most serious kind of asthma can be fatal, and requires for the person who is infected to remain in a hospital. This case is called Status asthmatic us and is unfortunately incurable. They are many drugs that can help relieve asthma such as inhaling bronchodilator drugs, like albuterol or terbutaline. These drugs are most commonly used and can relieve the person within a few minutes.
People whose attacks are so extreme that drugs like albuterol or terbutaline don t relieve them, have to take much stronger drugs like corticosteroids. There are also drugs to help prevent symptoms of asthma. The most commonly used one are theophylline, which is usually taken in tablets, and cromolyn sodium, which is inhaled. Doctors recommend people with asthma or people who are trying to prevent from getting asthma to keep away from things the yare allergic from. Doctors can perform allergy tests to tell their patient what to try to stay away from. Since it is hard for people to keep away from their allergies doctors recommend staying away fro animals with fur and use non-feathered pillows.
Asthma is overall a practically harmless disease, but difficult to prevent. The good sides of it is children usually loose it when they fully mature, and there is rarely extreme cases of it.